Flashcards in Charles II and James II Deck (19)
1660 – 1685
Signed Declaration of Breda - May 1660
Married to Catherine of Braganza
Cheif Minister: Earl of Clarendon - Edward Hyde(Clarendon Code- legislation passed to punish the puritans)
What was King of the 1660 Restoration? What was restored?
1. Charles II
2. restoration of AC, monarchy (shares power with parliament), and House of Lords.
Acts included in the code..
1. Act of Uniformity
2. Conventicle Act
Down fall of Clarendon.
Earl of Clarendon was the chief minister of Charles II. Was blamed for the plague in London in 1665 and the Great fire of London in 1666.
rebuilt St. Paul Cathedral
Treaty of Dover 1670
clauses signed with French King Louis XIV who was an absolute ruler unlike Charles II
Test Act 1673
opposition against secret clauses in Treaty of Dover. NO Catholics could be in government position or high honor. Had to take communion the Anglican way; denying transubstantiation to prove Anglican, done in public.
James, Charles II's brother resigned from office for being Catholic under the test act
Habeas Corpus Act
Can't be imprisoned without trail; will be suspended in history
Political Powers rising
1. Tory - Conservative
2. Whigs - Liberal
Charles II's second chief minister
Earl of Danby - supportive of King and Anglican Church
Popish Plot of 1678
aka Titus Oates Plot- plan to kill the king and his family, replacing them with a protestants.
Rye House Plot 1683
Originating from the Protestants who wished Duke of Monmouth, the illegitimate son of James II
Stated, James, Duke of York couldn't be Charles II's successor because he claimed Catholic religion
Battle of Sedgemore - 1685
Duke of Monmouth was captured and executed for being a traitor.
Chief Justice Jeffrey's (Bloody Jeffries)
Gave harsh sentencing to many of Monmouth rebels
Ecclesiastical Commission Court-
Church court to try Protestants that weren't practicing Catholicism.
Declaration of Indulgences
suspends all law against Roman Catholics & Dissenters
Also tolerating & giving privilege of worshipping publicly and freely as they pleased
The whigs started it and got help from Holland' king.