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Flashcards in Charles II and James II Deck (19)
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1

Charles II

1660 – 1685
Signed Declaration of Breda - May 1660
Married to Catherine of Braganza
Cheif Minister: Earl of Clarendon - Edward Hyde(Clarendon Code- legislation passed to punish the puritans)

2

What was King of the 1660 Restoration? What was restored?

1. Charles II
2. restoration of AC, monarchy (shares power with parliament), and House of Lords.

3

Acts included in the code..

1. Act of Uniformity
2. Conventicle Act

4

Down fall of Clarendon.

Earl of Clarendon was the chief minister of Charles II. Was blamed for the plague in London in 1665 and the Great fire of London in 1666.

5

Christopher Wren

rebuilt St. Paul Cathedral

6

Treaty of Dover 1670

clauses signed with French King Louis XIV who was an absolute ruler unlike Charles II

7

Test Act 1673

opposition against secret clauses in Treaty of Dover. NO Catholics could be in government position or high honor. Had to take communion the Anglican way; denying transubstantiation to prove Anglican, done in public.

James, Charles II's brother resigned from office for being Catholic under the test act

8

Habeas Corpus Act

Can't be imprisoned without trail; will be suspended in history

9

Political Powers rising

1. Tory - Conservative
2. Whigs - Liberal

10

Charles II's second chief minister

Earl of Danby - supportive of King and Anglican Church

11

Popish Plot of 1678

1678-1681:
aka Titus Oates Plot- plan to kill the king and his family, replacing them with a protestants.

12

Rye House Plot 1683

Originating from the Protestants who wished Duke of Monmouth, the illegitimate son of James II

13

Exclusion Act

Stated, James, Duke of York couldn't be Charles II's successor because he claimed Catholic religion

14

Battle of Sedgemore - 1685

Duke of Monmouth was captured and executed for being a traitor.

15

Chief Justice Jeffrey's (Bloody Jeffries)

Gave harsh sentencing to many of Monmouth rebels

16

Ecclesiastical Commission Court-

Church court to try Protestants that weren't practicing Catholicism.

17

Declaration of Indulgences

suspends all law against Roman Catholics & Dissenters
Also tolerating & giving privilege of worshipping publicly and freely as they pleased

18

Rebellion 1688

The whigs started it and got help from Holland' king.

19

Great Revolution of 1688

Overthrew King James and he fled England