Flashcards in Charting Deck (68):
Definition of Stage
used when discussing the extent of pathological lesions in a course of a disease that is likely to progress.
Definition of Grade
quantitative assessment of the degree of severity at the time of diagnosis
Definition of Index
quantitative expression of predefined diagnostic criteria whereby the presence and/or severity of pathological conditions are recorded by assessing a numerical value.
What is the dental formula for kittens?
26 - 2 (I 3/3, C 1/1, P 3/2 )
What does the term mesaticephalic mean
Cranium & nasal cavity about equal lengths
What does the term dolichocephalic mean?
Nasal cavity is longer than head.
What does the term brachycephalic mean?
Short or broad headed.
What anatomical items are contained within the Maxilla?
Incisal and maxillary bones, Hard and soft palate, gingiva.
What anatomical items are contained within the Mandible?
temporomandibular joint, mandibular symphsis, and tongue.
Describe the tooth structures for incisors.
Single root, lie in incisive bone, used for nibbling, cutting, and grooming.
Describe the tooth structures for Canines.
Single root, deep (1.5x amount seen). Used for grasping, holding, tearing (supports lips and tongue). This where fractures occur.
Describe the tooth structures for Premolars.
Flatter surface, cusps. May have 2-3 roots. Used for shearing, and grinding.
Describe the tooth structures for molars.
Larger tooth, may have 1-3 roots. Used for shearing and grinding.
What does the term furcation mean?
Where crown meets the root (directly below gumline)
What does the term mesial mean?
Toward midline of the body.
What does the term distal mean?
Toward the back of the mouth.
What does the term lingual mean?
The tooth surface facing the lips
What does the term palatal mean?
Surface of an upper tooth facing the hard palate.
What does the term caudal mean?
Towards the backend
What does the term rostral mean?
Towards the nose
What does the term coronal mean?
Toward the crown of a tooth.
What does the term labial mean?
Surface of a tooth facing the lips.
What does the term buccal mean?
Surface of a tooth facing the cheeks.
What are the four quadrants of a mouth?
Upper right, upper left, lower right, and lower left.
Triadan system numbering sequence
100s - maxillary right, 200s - maxillary left, 300s - mandibular left, 400s - mandibular right.
Deciduous teeth are 500-800 respectfully.
What is the rule of 4s and 9s?
4s are canines and 9s are first molars.
What are the eruption times for a puppy?
Incisors: 3-4 wks, Canines 3 wks, primary molars: 4-12 wks, and molars n/a
What are the eruption times for a adult dog?
Incisors: 3-5 m, Canines & PM 4-6 m, Molars 5-7 m
What are the eruption times for kitten?
Incisors: 2-3 wks, Canines: 3-4 wks, Primary PM 3-6 wks, Molars: n/a
What are the eruption times for an adult cat?
Incisors: 3-4 m, Canines: 4-5 m, PM: 4-6 m, Molars: 4-5 m
What is the dental formula for an adult cat?
30 - 2 (I 3/3, C 1/1, P 3/2, M 1/1)
What is the dental formula for a puppy?
28 - 2 (I 3/3, C 1/1, P 3/3)
What is the dental formula for an adult dog?
42 - 2 (I 3/3, C 1/1, P 4/4, M 2/3)
What is the normal probing depth for a dog
What is the normal probing depth for a cat
What are the instruments needed for charting?
Periodontal probe and Explorer
What bones are technicians working with during dentistry?
Skull, mandible, alveolar bone, and teeth.
What landmarks are used during dental exams?
When performing a dental exam on a conscious patient what structures are observed.
Head and face, lips, lymph nodes, eyes, and ears
0 = normal
GI 1 = swelling and redness
GI 2 = bleeding when probed
GI 3 = severe inflammation, pus, spontaneous bleeding
CI 1 = slight calculus (1/3 tooth surface)
CI 2 = Moderate (up to 2/3)
CI 3 = heavy calculus (> 2/3)
Periodontal disease stage (PD)
PD 0 = Normal
PD 1 = Gingivitis only
PD 2 = 50% attachment loss
Which stage of periodontal disease is reversable?
Stage 2 or less
What does the abbreviation GR mean?
What does the abbreviation GH mean?
What does the abbreviation RTR mean?
What does the abbreviation TR mean?
tooth root absorption
What does the abbreviation EI mean?
What does the abbreviation EF mean?
enamel fracture (missing pieces)
What does the abbreviation UCF mean?
uncomplicated crown fracture
What does the abbreviation CCF mean?
complicated crown fracture (pulp exposed)
What does the abbreviation CCRF mean?
complicated crown-root fracture
What does the abbreviation UCRF mean?
uncomplicated crown-root fracture
What does the abbreviation RF mean?
What does the abbreviation V mean?
What does the abbreviation NV mean?
non-vital tooth (purple grey, dead)
What does the abbreviation SN mean?
supernumerary teeth (too many in mouth)
What does the abbreviation GH mean?
hyperplasia (extra tissue)
Furcation scores (space between roots of tooth)
F1 = entrance pocket
F2 = probe passes into opening
F3 = probe passes through and through
Mobility scores (tooth movement)
M1 = slight
M2 = moderate 0.5 - 2 mm
M3 = severe >2mm
What does the abbreviation AB mean?
abrasion (tooth wear from object other than attrition)
What does the abbreviation AT mean?
attrition (tooth on tooth wear)
What does the abbreviation CA mean?
caries (decay or cavity)
MAL 1 = normal jaw with specific teeth incorrectly positioned
MAL 2 = mandible shorter than maxilla
MAL 3 = maxilla shorter than mandible
MAL / BN = base narrow mandibular canine tooth
What does the abbreviation MAL/RXB mean?
Rostral cross bite-one or more mandibular incisors lies in front of maxillary incisor.
What does the abbreviation MAL / CXB mean?
Caudal bite - one or more of the mandibular premolars is buccal to the maxillary counterpart.
What does the abbreviation CWD mean?