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VTT 242: Dentistry > Final Study guide > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Study guide Deck (34):
1

Dental formula for adult canine

2 (I 3/3, C 1/1, P 4/4, M 2/3) = 42

2

Dental formula for puppies

2 (I 3/3, C 1/1, P 3/3) = 28

3

Dental formula for adult feline

2 (I 3/3, C1/1, P 3/2, M 1/1) = 30

4

Dental formula for kittens

2 (I 3/3, C 1/1, P 3/2 ) = 26

5

Eruption schedule for puppies

Incisors: 3-4 weeks
Canines 3 weeks
Primary premolars: 4-12 weeks
Molars: No primary molars

6

Eruption schedule for kittens

Incisors: 2-3 weeks
Canines: 3-4 weeks
Primary premolars: 3-6 weeks
Molars: No primary molars

7

Eruption schedule for adult canine

Incisors: 3-5 months
Canine & premolars: 4-6 months
Molars: 5-7 months

8

Eruption schedule for adult feline

Incisors: 3-4 months
Canines: 4-5 months
Premolars: 4-6 months
Molars: 4-5 months

9

Periodontal disease stage 0 (PD 0) indicates what?

normal

10

Periodontal disease stage 1 (PD 1) indicates what?

Gingivitis only

11

Periodontal disease stage 2 (PD 2) indicates what?

<25% attachment loss. This stage or less is reversible.

12

Periodontal disease stage 3 (PD 3) indicates what?

25-50% attachment loss

13

Periodontal disease stage 4 (PD 4) indicates what?

>50% attachment loss

14

FORL is the acronym for what?

feline ondoclastic resorptive lesion

15

What is FORL?

These tooth defects have also been called cavities, neck lesions, external or internal root resorptions, and cervical line erosions.

16

What is stomatitis

Inflammation of the oral cavity and its tissues (cobble stone appearance)

17

What are the 4 main types of hand held dental instruments

Probe, explorer, curette, and scaler.

18

What are the four main parts of hand held instruments?

Handle, shank, terminal end, working end

19

What are explorers used for?

Used to feel surface of teeth, look for holes, grooves, irregular surfaces. It is used to enhance your tactile sense of each tooth.

20

Where is the explorer used on a tooth?

supragingival

21

What are Probes used for?

Used to probe below gums in search or pockets and gum depth.

22

What are scalers used for?

Used to scrape calculi from teeth, formed to fit around the tooth and between teeth.

23

Where would a scaler not be used?

sub gingival use

24

What are the three parts of a scaler?

Tip, face, and cutting edge

25

What are the three types of scalers?

Sickle (most common), Morris, and U15

26

What is a curette used for?

Used to remove calculus both sub and supragingivally.

27

What is plague?

Composed of bacteria food debris, exfoliated cells, and salivary glycoproteins.

28

What is dentin?

Hard, dense, bony tissue forming the bulk of a tooth beneath the enamel.

29

What is attrition?

Wearing on the tooth resulting from tooth to tooth friction.

30

What is abrasion?

tooth wear from object other than attrition

31

What is CUGS

Chronic Ulcerative Gingivostomatitis
Individual inappropriate immunologic response.
Various antigenic triggers.
There are four stages

32

What is stomatitis

Inflammation of the mucous lining of any structure in the mouth.
Usually has a cobblestone appearance.

33

Parallel Radiograph technique

Film is placed parallel to the object being radiographed and perpendicular to the beam.

34

Bisecting Angle technique

Used when the film cannot be placed parallel to the long axis of the tooth due to anatomical interference.