Chemical Nomenclature Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chemical Nomenclature Deck (22):
1

Same substance chemically, but in a different form.

allotrope

2

Capable of acting as an acid or a base

amphoteric

3

Situation where a catalyst and regulator enzyme are the same. End product inhibits initial reaction.

allosterism

4

System which resists marked changes in pH solution.

buffer

5

Passage of charged particle toward a cathode in electrophoresis.

catephoresis

6

Movement of charged particles suspended in liquid under the influence of an electrical field.

electrophoresis

7

Compounds with mirror image isomerase, optical density.

entiomer

8

Enzymatic decomposition of carbohydrates.

fermentation

9

Sugar breakdown

glycolysis

10

Formation of carbohydrates from non-carbo source.

glyconeogenesis/gluconeogenesis

11

Forming glucose from glycogen.

glycogenolysis

12

Same molecular formula, different arrangement.

isomer

13

Same atomic # (protons), different atomic weight (neutrons).

isotope

14

Enzymes of different structure, same function. (ex: lactate dehydrogenase & pepsin)

isozyme

15

The pH of a solution @ which a charge ion does not migrate to either pole in an electric field.

Isoelectric point

16

Sulfur analogs to alchohols

mercaptens

17

Loss of electrons (NADP--->NADPH)

oxidation

18

Gain of electrons (NADPH---->NADP)

reduction

19

Alkali hydrolysis of a TAG, yields a glycerol and a soap.

saponification

20

A metallic salt of a fatty acid.

soap

21

Isomers with a different spatial & configurational formula.

Stereoisomer

22

An amino acid at it's isoelectric point, least soluble form.

Zwitter ion