Child Birth/STI Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Child Birth/STI Test Deck (45):
1

secondary sexual characteristics occur, male and females are able to produce children

puberty

2

union of egg and sperm, occurs in the fallopian tubes; the egg is capable of being fertilized 48 hours after ovulation

fertilization

3

the egg is capable of being fertilized how many hours after ovulation?

48 hours

4

this occurs approximately one week after fertilization

implantation

5

single sperm penetrates the egg and the resulting cell is called this; it contains all genetic info (DNA) & continues to divide to form a ball of cells

zygote

6

the cells keep dividing, this reaches the uterus in about 5 days

blastocyst

7

blastocyst attaches to the uterine wall, this stage lasts about 8 weeks and is known as an ______

embryo

8

term for a baby after 8 weeks

fetus

9

doctor that treats the female reprouctive system

gynecologist

10

type of doctor that treats the woman during her pregnancy and delivers the baby

obstetrician

11

double certified doctor (both an obstetrician/gynecologist

OB/GYN

12

delivers babies at home

midwife

13

breast exam (an xray that a doctor orders that detects abnormalities in the breast); it's normal to get one between 35-40 years of age; first one is called a baseline

mammogram

14

an organ that anchors the embryo to the uterus; filters nutrients and waste between mother and baby

placenta

15

the union of an ovum (egg) and a sperm

fertilization

16

a diagnostic procedure in which a needle is inserted through the uterus to extract fluid

amniocentesis

17

the process of childbirth during which muscular contractions of the uterus start, become more intense, last longer, and become more frequent

Labor

18

the placenta that is expelled after delivery

Afterbirth

19

a threadlike structure that carries genes

Chromosome

20

a diagnostic procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves to provide an image of a developing baby

Ultrasound

21

a developing fetus through the second month of growth after conception

Embryo

22

the presence of severe birth defects in babies born to mothers who drank intoxicating beverages during pregnancy

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

23

a unit of hereditary material

Gene

24

a bacterial STD that infects the reproductive organs and causes a mucous discharge

Chlamydia

25

Symptoms for Chlamydia

Females: pain during urination, vaginal discharge/bleeding, pelvic pain
Males: pain during urination and discharge from the penis

26

for treatment, both partners have to take antibiotics at the same time

Chlamydia

27

an inflammation of the upper female tract that is caused by the migration of a bacterial infection from the vagina

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

28

Symptoms for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

-pain in the pelvic area or abdomen
-vaginal discharge
-fever & nausea
-painful urination
-spotting between periods
-usually long and painful menstrual periods

29

antibiotics used to treat this STI, but antibiotic treatment does not repair all of the damage

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

30

an STI caused by bacteria that infects mucous membranes including the genital mucous membranes

Gonorrhea

31

Symptoms of Gonorrhea

Females:
-pain during urination
-pain in the abdomen or pelvic area
-vaginal discharge or bleeding
Males:
-pain during urination
-discharge from the penis

32

for treatment, both partners take antibiotics @ the same time (becoming harder to treat because the bacteria has become more resistant to antibiotics)

Gonorrhea

33

existing but not yet developed, hidden or concealed

latent

34

an STD caused by bacterium that can cause ulcers or chancres (can spread through the blood, damaging the nervous system and other body organs)

Syphilis

35

Symptoms of Syphilis

3 phases ~
Phase 1 (10-90 days): painless ulcer (chancre) where the bacteria entered the body
Phase 2 (2 to 8 weeks later):
-fever
-joint pain
-rash
-muscle aches
-swollen lymph nodes
Phase 3 (2 or more years):
-heart/nervouse system damage
-blindness
-loss of mental abilities & possible death

36

caused by a group of viruses that can cause genital warts in males and females, cervical cancer in females

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

37

symptoms include: genital/anal warts, abnormal pap smear for females

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

38

there is no cure but the warts can be treated by surgical removal, freezing, medication, or they will go away on their own but will often return

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

39

caused by a viral infection in the genital area, caused by Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)

Genital Herpes

40

Symptoms of Genital Herpes

HSV-1
cold sores and blisters usually around the mouth
HSV-2
-mild/no symptoms
-red bumps/blisters and recurrent sores around or on the genitals
-fever with first infection
swollem lymph nodes

41

there is no cure but antiviral medications can shorten outbreaks and reduce their frequency

Genital Herpes

42

-a strain of lice found in pubic hair of those infected, the lice crawl on the skin and lay eggs on the hairs
-causes intense itching in the pubic area
-medication can kill the lice, skin damage occurs if untreated

Pubic Lice

43

-tiny mites that burrow into the skin and spread by skin-to-skin contact
-can cause intense itching in the infected area (same treatment as pubic lice)

Scabies

44

the virus that primarily infects cells of the immune system and causes aids

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

45

3 stages of HIV

1) The early stage
2) Clinical Latency Stage
3) The Late Stage (AIDS)