Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Endocrine System Deck (31):
1

stimulates milk production in females

prolactin

2

causes the uterus to contract during the birth process

oxytocin

3

regulates glucose levels in the blood (blood sugar levels)

insulin

4

stimulates the liver to convert glycogen to glucose

glucagon

5

regulates the body's metabolism

thyroxine

6

decreases calcium levels in the blood

calcitonin

7

what is it called when the thyroid gland becomes enlarged

goiter

8

regulates development of male secondary sex caracteristics; controls sperm production

testosterone

9

regulates development of female secondary sex characteristics

estrogen

10

controls development of the endometrium (the lining of the uterus) during the menstrual cycle

progesterone

11

the gland found only in females

ovaries

12

the gland found only in males

testes

13

the gland located behind the stomach

pancreas

14

the gland that is bow-tie shaped and located at the front of the neck

thyroid

15

substances secreted by the cells to regulate the activities of other cells; they are carried to the cells by the blood

hormones

16

organs that release hormones

glands

17

what gland is the "master gland" and where is it located?

pituitary; located in the brain

18

what controls the pituitary gland?

hypothalamus (in the brain)

19

causes the thyroid gland to secrete hormones

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

20

regulates growth

Human Growth Hormone (HGH)

21

stimulates eggs to mature in the ovaries

Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

22

stimulates ovaries to secrete progesterone

Luteinizing Hormone

23

the gland located behind the thyroid gland (back of the neck)

parathyroid

24

regulates the level of calcium and phosphorus in the blood

Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)

25

the gland located just above the kidneys

adrenal

26

another name for adrenaline

epinephrine

27

term for response to a situation that causes sweating, shaking and rapid heartbeat

"fight-or-flight"

28

the regulating system of the body

endocrine system

29

glands that send hormones to specific sites

endocrine glands

30

the lining of the uterus

endometrium

31

name 2 secondary sex characteristics for females

more body hair, wider hips, breasts, menstruation, & greater development of thigh muscles