Flashcards in Child Development Deck (13):
What stages can child development be classified into?
Preschool (0-5 years old)
Primary school/mixed dentition years
When should the first oral exam be done?
12 months old
What is the average weight a 1 year old?
What is the average weight of a 6 year old?
What are the 3 stages to Piaget's Theory of Development?
When does each stage occur and what develops at each stage?
Sensorimotor Stage (birth-2years)
-Learn via taste, touch, sight, sound, manipulation
-Causality (cause and effect)
Preoperational (2 - 4 years)
-Some intuitive thought
-Intelligence based on centration (tendency to focus on one factor without considering the whole)
-Language and make believe play develop
-Between 4-7 develop intuitive thought (more complex thoughts and images, reading and writing skills, greater vocab, longer attention span, control over impulses, tolerance of separation from parents)
Concrete operational (7-11)
-Growth in mental capacity
Formal operational (11-15)
-Highest level of intellectual development
-Rebellion, discontent with real vs possible
At what age should a child be able to walk, talk toilet trained?
Walk: 1 - 1.5 years
Talk: 2 years
Toilet training: 4 years
What is Erikson's psychosocial theory?
-Children learn to socialise in predetermined order of stages
-Each stage characterised by initiative vs guilt
-Successful completion of each stage results in healthy personality and successful interaction
(lecture 03 Feb 19th but don't need to know)
What are the possible different personality types in children?
-Easy temperament: generally cooperative with all treatment visits
-Slow to warm: shy temperament, may need time to adjust, respond best to warm, calm, sensitive approach
-Difficult temperament: respond best to structure delivered in confident manner (e.g. voice control)
What scale is used to rate a child's cooperation level?
Frankl scale (1-4 from least to most co-operatively) or Wright scale (from -- to ++)
When should the first set of b/w's be taken? (age)
4-5 years old, or once contacts have closed
How frequently shoudl B/W's be taken?
High risk: 6-12 months
Low risk: 12- 24 months (mixed); 18-36 months (perm)