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The Holy Grail (Treatments) > Child Health > Flashcards

Flashcards in Child Health Deck (30)
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1
Q

Recommended that from 6 months, all children consuming <500mls/d of infant formula should take

A

Vitamin A, C & D supplements

2
Q

Breastfeeding mothers should take

A

Vitamin D supplements of 10 µg per day

3
Q

An adolescent with BMI > 99.6% percentile

A

Orlistat

4
Q

An adolescent with BMI > 3.5 SD

A

Bariatric surgery

5
Q

Autism Spectrum Disorder

A

Support them

6
Q

Down’s Syndrome

A

Support them

Monitor thyroid levels

7
Q

Duchenne’s Muscular Dystrophy

A

Usually live till their early 20s

Steroids help though

8
Q

Cerebral Palsy

A

Support with speech therapy/ physiotherapy

Treat symptoms systematically where necessary

9
Q

Fragile X

A

Support

Treat symptoms

10
Q

Prader-Willi Syndrome

A

Support
Human growth hormone (HGH) where necessary.

GH therapy has been demonstrated to increase height, lean body mass, and mobility; decrease fat mass; and improve movement and flexibility in individuals with PWS from infancy through adulthood

11
Q

Oculocutaneous Albinism

A

Keep out of sun

Support

12
Q

Hydrocephalus

A

Ventro peritoneal shunt

13
Q

DDH

A

Pavlik Harness

> 6 months old or failed harness: Surgical reduction

14
Q

Bronchiolitis

A

Supportive

15
Q

Croup

A

Steroids (prednisolone)

16
Q

Glue Ear

A

Grommet insertion

17
Q

Constipation

A

Laxatives
Toilet behaviour advice
Change in diet

18
Q

Intestinal Malrotation

A

Surgery

19
Q

Intussusception

A

Blow air into anus to inflate colon

20
Q

Pyloric Stenosis

A

Pyloromyotomy

21
Q

Acute Scrotum

A

Surgery

22
Q

Appendicitis

A

Appendectomy

23
Q

Balanitis (xerotica obliterans)

A

Hygiene

Bacitracin topical antibiotic cream

24
Q

Hypospadias

A

Surgery

25
Q

Hydrocele

A

Self resolving

Aspiration

26
Q

Paraphimosis (swelling of glans)

A

Mechanical compression with hands

27
Q

Diarrhoea

A

Self-limiting
Fluids
Oral regulating solution
Zinc supplements

28
Q

HIV

A

Abacavir (NRTI) + lamivudine (NRTI) + efavirenz (NNRTI) or combined lopinavir + ritonavir (protease inhibitors)
- Cotrimazole is taken as prophylaxis

29
Q

Malaria

A

Artemisinin-based combination therapy for 3 days

Severe: Artesunate (IM/IV)

30
Q

Epiglottitis

A

Ceftriaxone