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Flashcards in Common Infections Deck (25)
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1
Q

C. difficile (clostiridiums)

(Anaerobic, gram-positive bacilli)

Produces 2 toxins:
A- enterotoxin
B- cytotoxin

Caused by the four C antibiotics

A

Motherfucking Very Difficile to get rid of

Mild: Oral Metronidazole
Severe: Oral Vancomycin ± IV Metronidazole

NEVER: IV Vancomycin (because oral is topical and works better)

2
Q

Campylobacter

  • short incubation
  • poultry
  • abdominal pain, bloody diarrhoea, fever
  • stool microscopy / culture
A

Mild: Supportive
Severe: Clarithromycin or Azithromycin

You went “Camp”-ing and it was shit because it rained however you arranged the trip so it was your “cin”

3
Q

Typhoid

  • Cause Salmonella Typhi
  • Causes Enteric fever
  • long intubation
A

Chloramphenicol, Ciprofloxacin, Ceftriaxone or Azithromycin

because you Can Commonly Catch Abroad

4
Q

Salmonella

  • short incubation
  • poultry, raw eggs
  • diarrhoea, vomiting, fever
  • O-antigen
A

Ciprofloxacin bc you “cip” egg protein shakes

5
Q

Rotavirus

Most Common IN CHILDREN <5. It ROTAtes round every kid in the nursery.

  • long incubation
  • fecal-oral, person-person
  • fever, then vomiting, then diarrhoea
  • hydration
  • post-infection malabsorption
A

Supportive

6
Q

Noravirus

Everyone can get this. Think of it spreading through a cruise ship. Nora sounds like a generic boring name of a person who would actually go on a cruise ship.

  • short incubation
  • faecal-oral, person-person, droplet transmission
  • fever, projectile vomiting, diarrhoea
  • Stool microscopy
  • hydration

red copal swab, highly infectious

A

Supportive

7
Q

E. coli

  • long incubation
  • beef
  • bloody diarrhoea
  • blood culture, PCR-VTEC
  • hydration
  • haemolytic-uraemia syndrome
A

Supportive

8
Q

Pneumocystis Pneumonia

Pneumonia common in HIV IVDUs

A

Co-trimoxazole

because IVDUs have HIV and they like doing “co”-caine

9
Q

Amoebiasis

(Protozoa)
- Cryptosporidium

Possibly have HIV/ from West Africa
Acute bloody diarrhoea
Hot stool microscopy

A

Metronidazole

Protozoa’s like to move about it so they get the “metro”

10
Q

Traveller’s Diarrhoea

  1. E. coli
  2. Campylobacter
  3. Salmonella
  4. Shigella
A

“Grin and bear it”

If severe: Ciprofloxacin (because when u drink a dodgy water on holiday you “cip” it

11
Q

Native Valve Endocarditis

A

Aboriginal Gentleman
Amoxicillin IV
Gentamicin IV

12
Q

Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis

  • Epidermis
A

Very Good Replacement
Vancomycin IV
Gentamicin IV
Rifampicin

13
Q

Staph Aureus Endocarditis

  • IVDUs
  • Prosetic valves, usually > 2 months

Staph Aureus is common in bakeries and cream cakes

A

IVDU’s are Fucktards so F for:

  • Flucloxacillin
14
Q

MRSA Endocarditis

A

Van Rentals (bc MRSA travels fast)
Vancomycin IV
Rifampicin

15
Q

Strep Viridans Endocarditis

  • dental surgery
A

Very Slutty Big girls (Viridans Strep)
Benzylpenicillin IV
Gentamicin IV

16
Q

Coliforms

Commensals: E. coli, Klebsiella sp, Proteus sp
Pathogens: Salmonella sp, Shigella sp, E. coli 0157

A

Gentamicin

Coliforms are “Gent”lemen in top “form” in un”iforms”

17
Q

Legionella Pneumonia

A

To fight this Legion there is a “CAL” to arms, but it is yet a “cin” to fight

Clarithromycin or
Azithromycin or
Levofloxacin

18
Q

Aspergillus Fungal Resp Infection

-Aspergillus Fumigatus

A

Fungus is “Very Abundant, Sure”
Voriconazole
Amphotericin B
Surgery

19
Q

Giardia

  • parasite
  • very long incubation
  • faecal-oral, water, person to person,
  • persistant + foul smelling diarrhoea
  • hot stool microscopy
  • avoid milk with treatment
  • common in russians
A

Giardia move about, sô “metro”

Metronidazole

20
Q

Enterococcus Endocarditis

A

All Germs enter the body

  • Amoxicillin
  • Gentamycin
21
Q

Staphylococcal pneumonia

A

Gandalf has a staff and he wishes everyone had ‘Flu’. “fLY U FoOlz”

Flucloxacillin

22
Q

Chlamydophylia pneumoniae

Organism: C. psittaci
- Birds owners etc

A

If you own a bird you probably won’t be very “cline”

Doxycycline

23
Q

Klebsiella pneumonia

  • aspiration from drunk people
A

Drunk people get it, maybe to stop it they should up the “tax” on alcohol

Cefotaxime

24
Q

MRSA

A

Doxycycline
Co- trimoxazole
Clindamycin
Vancomycin

NOT flucloxacillin

25
Q

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

A

Resistant to most oral antibiotics except ciprofloxacin