Flashcards in Childhood Development Deck (18)
Development at ages 7-11
Theory of mind
Industry vs inferiority
Reasoning and problem solving are concrete
Begin to understand others
Very rule conscious
Social comparisons begin around age 8
What changes occur in the brain during adolescence?
Increased white matter to gray matter volume, especiialy in the frontal and parietal loves
Pruning of synaptic connections
Improved cognitive abilities/formal reasoning and metacognition
**Formal Operations stage**
What is Tanner Staging used for?
Identifying stages of physical maturation
What social changes occur during adolescence?
Increased concern for physical appearance
Desire for autonomy
Risk taking behavior
Increased interest in world problems/social change
What developmental changes mark late adolescence (18-20)?
Develop morals, ethics, and self control
Concerns about humanitarian issues and world problems
What risk factors come with teen pregnancy?
Desire for autonomy leads to lack of prenatal care, risky behavior
What childhood disorders often dissipate by adulthood?
What are symptoms of Fragile X
Affects males more frequently
What are symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)?
Argue repeatedly with adults
Lose temper, feel anger
Is ODD more common in boys?
Before puberty, equal in girls and boys after puberty
What is conduct disorder?
More severe than ODD.
Deliberately destroy others property
Cruel to people or animals
May steal, threaten, harm victims
What are the 3 types of ADHD?
What is the treatment for ADHD?
CNS stimulants to increase concentration of dopamine
Reduces activity and increases attention span
What is Tourette's Disorder?
Involuntary motor movements and vocalizations
Sudden, repetitive, stereotyped movement
20% of kids show tics in childhood
1 in 100
Usually attenuate substantially by early adulthood
What factors can exacerbate tourettes?
What is the etiology of phobias?
Specific vulnerabilities (e.g. early experiences with low levels of control over environment)
What is the progression of fears in childhood?
Progresses from the concrete to the abstract and increasingly "realistic"