Childhood Development Flashcards Preview

HBM > Childhood Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in Childhood Development Deck (18)
Loading flashcards...
1

Development at ages 7-11

Concrete operations
Theory of mind
Industry vs inferiority
Reasoning and problem solving are concrete
Begin to understand others
Very rule conscious

Social comparisons begin around age 8

2

What changes occur in the brain during adolescence?

Increased white matter to gray matter volume, especiialy in the frontal and parietal loves

Pruning of synaptic connections

Improved cognitive abilities/formal reasoning and metacognition

**Formal Operations stage**

3

What is Tanner Staging used for?

Identifying stages of physical maturation

4

What social changes occur during adolescence?

Increased concern for physical appearance
Desire for autonomy
Risk taking behavior
Increased interest in world problems/social change

5

What developmental changes mark late adolescence (18-20)?

Identity crisis
Develop morals, ethics, and self control
Concerns about humanitarian issues and world problems

6

What risk factors come with teen pregnancy?

Desire for autonomy leads to lack of prenatal care, risky behavior

7

What childhood disorders often dissipate by adulthood?

ADHD
Conduct disorder
Enuresis

8

What are symptoms of Fragile X

Developmental delays
Affects males more frequently

9

What are symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)?

Argue repeatedly with adults
Lose temper, feel anger
Disobedient
Negative behavior

10

Is ODD more common in boys?

Before puberty, equal in girls and boys after puberty

11

What is conduct disorder?

More severe than ODD.

Deliberately destroy others property
Cruel to people or animals
May steal, threaten, harm victims

12

What are the 3 types of ADHD?

Predominantly inattentive
Predominantly hyperactive
Combined

13

What is the treatment for ADHD?

CNS stimulants to increase concentration of dopamine
Reduces activity and increases attention span

14

What is Tourette's Disorder?

Involuntary motor movements and vocalizations
Sudden, repetitive, stereotyped movement


20% of kids show tics in childhood
1 in 100
Usually attenuate substantially by early adulthood

15

What factors can exacerbate tourettes?

Tiredness
Excitement
Medication

16

What is the etiology of phobias?

Biological
Environmental
Specific vulnerabilities (e.g. early experiences with low levels of control over environment)

17

What is the progression of fears in childhood?

Progresses from the concrete to the abstract and increasingly "realistic"

18

What is selective mutism?

Fear of speaking in front of others (adults)