Flashcards in Pregnancy through preschool Deck (55)
What age is considered infancy?
Birth to 18 months
What are the toddler years?
18 months - 3 years
What are the preschool years?
What does it mean that humans are holistic?
Humans are integrated systems, each area of development is in continual interaction with one another
What does it mean that development is hierarchical?
Psychological growth is a process of increasing complexity; new structures emerge out of those that came before.
What does it mean that development is uneven?
Growth and progress are not linear
What are salient issues at each stage?
Tasks at each stage of development that must be mastered to progress to the next stage.
What is the most protective factor to instability?
What is considered as premature birth?
Less than 37 weeks gestation
What is considered very premature birth?
Less than 32 weeks
What are risk factors for very premature birth?
What are the steps of the APGAR score?
Activity (muscle tone etc)
What are the basic infant reflexes?
Moro (limbs extend when child startled)
Babinski (dorsiflexion of toes when foot is stroked)
Persistence of infant reflexes past ________ might indicate neurologic dysfunction
What percentage of women experience "baby blues"?
50-75% of women
What is peripartum depression?
Mood disorder characterized by feelings of hoplessness and helplessness/possible suicidal thoughts.
When is the onset of peripartum depression?
Before delivery or within the first 4 weeks after
What percentage of women experience peripartum depression?
Do we gain control of central or peripheral features first?
Central (e.g. arm before finger)
And head before legs
How can social stresses (moving, birth) affect development?
Can cause regression
Are difficult children at the highest risk of pathophysiology?
What are Erik Erikson's critical periods?
Birth - 1 yr Trust vs Mistrust
1-3 yrs Autonomy vs shame/doubt
3-6 yrs Initiative vs guilt
7-11 yrs Industry vs inferiority
12-18 yrs identity vs role confusion
Young adult Intimacy vs. isolation
Adulthood Generativity vs. stagnation
Maturity Integrity vs. despair
What were Freud's stages of development?
Birth-1 yr Oral
1-3 yrs Anal
3-6 yrs Phallic
7-11 yrs Latency
12-18 yrs Genital
What are Jean Piaget's theories of development?
Birth-2 yrs Sensorimotor
2-6 yrs Preoperational (egocentric)
7-11 yrs Concrete Operational
12-adult Formal Operational
What are some developmental features of infancy?
Social smile (1-2 mos)
Responsiveness to mother (4-6 mos)
Stranger anxiety (9 mos)
Object permanence (1 yr)
Separation _____ than 6 months leads to attachment issues that cant be rehabilitated.
What are signs of reactive attachment disorder?
Child is withdrawn
Limited emotional responsiveness
Does not seek comfort
What causes reactive attachment disorder?
Grossly pathological care
What is disinhibited social engagement and what causes?
No fear of unfamiliar adults often caused by neglect.