Chile ~ General Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chile ~ General Deck (17):
1

What are the names of the sizes of

'Wine Growing DO's' of Chile?

[largest-smallest]

Viticultural Region / Wine Region
{Valle Central DO}

Sub-Region
{Rapel Valley DO}

Zone
{Colchagua Valley DO}

Area
{Marchigue DO}

Note:
- Areas do not have to be inside a Zone.
--- Kind of like South Africa...

2

Regions of

Chile

[north-south]

ACACSA

Atacama

Coquimbo

Anconcagua

Central Valley - (Valle Centrale)

Sur - (Southern Valley)

Austral

3

What is the current that regulates the
Central Valley's climate?

How does it do so?

The Humbolt Current
(Chileans smoke a lot of weed to chill out)

It runs cold water north from Antarctica along the entire west coast of South America.  

This current also brings cool winds with it, which get blown up the river valleys through the Coastal Ranges of mountains that protect the Central Valley.  Thus regulating the otherwise warm temperatures.

A image thumb
4

What are

Antumapu Soils?

Shallow strata of clay loam over a stone-filled riverbed of alluvial origin.  

This is the famous Maipu soil type for Viñedo Chadwick

5

What are the two important

Mountain ranges of Chile?

The Andes Mountains
If you don't know this one please immediately repeat the 6th grade!  Your 12 year old self is very disappointed in you...  :'-(

The Coastal Ranges
As the name implies, the run up the coast of Chile bringing protection to the main growing regions of the country from cold Antarctic winds.  The river valleys of the ranges do allow some of the breezes through that help regulate the temperature.

6

What is the
Minimum percentage in Chile for

Varietal wines?

75% minimum

This is also true for Vintage, and Region.

Most wineries adopt the 85% rule, however so their wines qualify for export to the EU.

7

Where is Atacama?

Please describe it's Climate.

Northernmost Viticultural
Region of Chile

has 2 Sub-Region DO:
Copiapo
Huasco

==========

Climate is very hot and dry; desert-like.  If it wasn't for irrigation, wine grapes would not be possible here.

Most grapes are distilled for Pisco here.  Pisco Sours, anyone?

A image thumb
8

What is the
Minimum percentage in Chile for

Regional wines?

75% minimum

This is also true for Vintage, and Varietal.

Most wineries adopt the 85% rule, however so their wines qualify for export to the EU.

9

What is the
Minimum percentage in Chile for

Vintage wines?

75% minimum

This is also true for Varietal, and Region.

Most wineries adopt the 85% rule, however so their wines qualify for export to the EU.

10

What two label designation in Chile

require maturation in oak?

Reserva Especial
(12% min ABV)

Gran Reserva
(12.5% min ABV)

- Length of maturation is not specified...

11

Where is Austral?

Please describe it's Climate.

Southernmost Viticultural
Region of Chile

has 2 Sub-Region DO:
Cautin
Osorno

==========

Not much info on wines made here...

12

What is the min ABV for wine in Chile?
(normale)

Normale
~11.5% min ABV~

----------

Reserva - Reserva Especial
~12% min ABV~

Reserva Privada - Gran Reserva
~12.5% min ABV~

==========

Reserva Especial & Gran Reserva
Must spend time in oak
(min time is unclear...)

13

What is the min ABV for wine in Chile?
(reserva)

Reserva - Reserva Especial
~12% min ABV~

----------

Normale
~11.5% min ABV~

Reserva Privada - Gran Reserva
~12.5% min ABV~

==========

Reserva Especial & Gran Reserva
Must spend time in oak
(min time is unclear...)

14

What is the min ABV for wine in Chile?
(reserva especial)

Reserva - Reserva Especial
~12% min ABV~

----------

Normale
~11.5% min ABV~

Reserva Privada - Gran Reserva
~12.5% min ABV~

==========

Reserva Especial & Gran Reserva
Must spend time in oak
(min time is unclear...)

15

What is the min ABV for wine in Chile?
(reserva privada)

Reserva Privada - Gran Reserva
~12.5% min ABV~

----------

Normale
~11.5% min ABV~

Reserva - Reserva Especial
~12% min ABV~

==========

Reserva Especial & Gran Reserva
Must spend time in oak
(min time is unclear...)

16

What is the min ABV for wine in Chile?
(gran reserva)

Reserva Privada - Gran Reserva
~12.5% min ABV~

----------

Normale
~11.5% min ABV~

Reserva - Reserva Especial
~12% min ABV~

==========

Reserva Especial & Gran Reserva
Must spend time in oak
(min time is unclear...)

17

What is the min ABV for ALL wines in Chile?

Normale
~11.5% min ABV~

Reserva - Reserva Especial
~12% min ABV~

Reserva Privada - Gran Reserva
~12.5% min ABV~

==========

Reserva Especial & Gran Reserva
Must spend time in oak
(min time is unclear...)