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Flashcards in CHINESE ARCHITECTURE Deck (47)
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1

Tallest and straightest of all trees in China

Persia Nanmu

2

Finest of the most emperors; model of all wisdom and sovereign virtue

Great Yao

3

Shang or Yin Dynasty - expansion of land, feudalism

Wu Wang

4

Known for ethics and education

Confucius

5

Founder of Taoism

Lao Tzu

6

Shih Huang Ti

He divided the Empire into thirty six provinces

7

New code of social conduct and a philosophy of new life

Confucianism

8

Offered a doctrine of universal love as his solution to social disorder

Taoism

9

New architectural styles began to develop

1980s

10

Traditional Chinese style blended with Western architectural characteristics

Opium War

11

Official buildings were highly standarized

Ming and Qing Dynasties

12

Temples and islamic mosques were built

Yuan Dynasty

13

Scale of buildings is generally smaller than Tang Dynasty

Song Dynasty

14

Proportion of building components fell into fixed pattern

Sui and Tang Dynasty

15

Output and quality of bricks and tiles are improved

Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasty

16

Improvement of technique on timber structure buildings

Primitive Han Dynasty

17

Modular system; Chinese standard unit to construct all buildings

Jian

18

Chinese roof

Wu’ Ding

19

Chinese bracket Sets

Dougong

20

Chinese timber frame

Mugoujia

21

Chinese pillars and beams

Tai Liang

22

Chinese pillar and transverse tie beam

Chuan Duo

23

Chinese ceremonial gateway

Pai Lou

24

Goal is to locate and orient dwellings, possesions, land and etc so as to be attuned with the flow of qi

Feng Shui

25

Octagonal diagram used in feng shui analysis

Bagua

26

Chinese palaces were emperors live

Gong

27

Chinese pavilion to provide weary wayfarers with a place for rest

Liang Ting

28

Chinese Terrace to serve as observatory, watch towers, military purposes or beacon towers

Terrace

29

Ancient buildings with more than one storey were meant for variety of uses

Lou

30

Storeyed Pavilion for storage of important articles and documents

Ge