JAPANESE ARCHITECTURE Flashcards Preview

Nina-Architecture > JAPANESE ARCHITECTURE > Flashcards

Flashcards in JAPANESE ARCHITECTURE Deck (45)
Loading flashcards...
1

Interaction with Chinese Han Dynasty

Yayoi Period

2

Period of burial mounds

Kofun Period

3

Burial mounds

Tumuli

4

Describe a period in the history of Japanese fine arts and architecture

Asuka Period

5

Places of worship and the dwellings of kami (shinto gods)

Shinto Shrines

6

Stone dogs which faces each other at the entrance to shrines

Komainu

7

Dog always has its mouth open

A

8

Dogs who’s mouth is closed

Un

9

Division of everyday world and divine world

Torii

10

Pavilion near the main hall w/ water and ladies; people come here to wash their hands and rinse their mouth

Chozuya

11

Main sanctuary

Toshogu Shrine

12

Japanese main worship hall

Kondo

13

Five stories represents the five elements

Earth
Water
Fire
Wind
Sky

14

Important centre of Buddhist worship in Japan

Nara Period

15

Large statues of Buddha

Daibutsu

16

Secondary halls

Hokke do

17

Treasure house that belongs to Todai ji

Shoso in

18

Buddhist temple that was once one of the powerful Seven Great Temples

Kofuku ji

19

Style was characterized by symmetrical builds placed as arms that defined an inner garden

Shinden Zukuri

20

Registered as part of UNESCO world Heritage Site “Historic monuments of ancient Kyoto”

Byodo in

21

Japanese religious architectural style; one of the three most significant styles developed by Japanese buddhism

Daibutsuyo

22

Japanese Buddhist architectural style derived from Chinese Song Dynasty

Zenshuyo

23

Style of houses built for military families

Buke- zukuri

24

Run by Japanese Political Power

Samurai

25

Japanese tea rooms

Chashitsu

26

Dry garden

Karesansui

27

Men who built castles as symbols of their power

Oda Nobunaga
Toyotomi Hideyoshi

28

Japanese central tower

Tenshu

29

Loophole; various devices were used to make the castle more secure against the attacker

Jugan

30

Special chamber built out over the wall of the castle

Ishiotoshi