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Flashcards in Chp 1 terms Deck (18):
1

Ego identity

ego identity is formed when persons develop a firm sense of who they are and what they stand for.

2

Role diffusion

role diffusion occurs when youths spread themselves too thin, experience personal uncertainty, and place themselves at the mercy of leaders who promise to give them a sense of identity they cannot develop for themselves.

3

At-risk youths

Young people who are extremely vulnerable to the negative consequences of school failure, substance abuse, and early sexuality.

4

Juvenile delinquency

Participation in illegal behavior by a minor who falls under a statutory age limit.

5

Chronic juvenile offenders

youths who have been arrested four or more times during their minority and perpetrate a striking majority of serious criminal acts. This small group, known as the “chronic 6 percent,” is believed to engage in a significant portion of all delinquent behavior; these youths do not age out of crime, but continue their criminal behavior into adulthood

6

Poor Laws

English statutes that allowed the courts to appoint overseers for destitute and neglected children, allowing placement of these children as servants in the homes of the affluent.

7

Paternalistic family

A family style wherein the father is the final authority on all family matters and exercises complete control over his wife and children.

8

Juvenile justice system

The segment of the justice system including law enforcement officers, the courts, and correctional agencies that is designed to treat youthful offenders.



9

Juvenile justice system

The segment of the justice system including law enforcement officers, the courts, and correctional agencies that is designed to treat youthful offenders.

10

Parens patriae

The power of the state to act on behalf of the child and provide care and protection equivalent to that of a parent.

11

Child savers

Nineteenth-century reformers who developed programs for troubled youth, and influenced legislation creating the juvenile justice system; today some critics view them as being more concerned with control of the poor than with their welfare.

12

Delinquent.

Juvenile who has been adjudicated by a judicial officer of a juvenile court as having committed a delinquent act.

13


Best interests of the child

A philosophical viewpoint that encourages the state to take control of wayward children and provide care, custody, and treatment to remedy delinquent behavior.

14

Need for treatment

The criteria on which juvenile sentencing is based. Ideally, juveniles are treated according to their need for treatment, and not for the seriousness of the delinquent act they committed.

15

Waiver: (also known as bindover or removal)

(also known as bindover or removal) Transferring legal jurisdiction over the most serious and experienced juvenile offenders to the adult court for criminal prosecution.

16

Status offense

Conduct that is illegal only because the child is under age.

17

Wayward minors

Early legal designation of youths who violate the law because of their minority status; now referred to as status offenders.

18

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP):

Branch of the U.S. Justice Department charged with shaping national juvenile justice policy through disbursement of federal aid and research funds.