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The process of learning to be a member of a particular cultural group.

Enculturation

1

Something that stands for something else. Central to language and culture.

Symbol

2

A set of propositions about which aspects of culture are critical, how they should be studied, and what the goal of studying them should be.

Anthropological theory

3

A theoretical position in anthropology that held the cultures could best be understood by examining the patterns of child reading and considering their effect on adult lives and social institutions.

Culture and personality

4

A theoretical position in anthropology that focuses on recording and examining the ways in which members of a culture use language to classify and organize their cognitive world.

Ethnoscience

5

A theoretical position in anthropology that focuses on the relationship between mind and society

Cognitive anthropology

6

A theoretical position in anthropology that focuses on understanding cultures by discovering and analyzing the symbols that are most important to their members.

Symbolic anthropology

7

A theoretical position in anthropology that focuses on using humanistic methods, such as those found in the analysis of literature, to analyze culture and discover he meaning of culture to its participants.

Interpretive anthropology

8

The comparison of societies to living organisms.

Function as a whole.

Organic analogy

9

A theoretical position in anthropology, common in the first half of the 20th century, that focuses on finding general laws that identify different elements of society, show how they relate to each other, and demonstrate their role in maintaining social order.

Functionalism

10

A theoretical position in anthropology that focuses on the relationship between environment and society.

Ecological functionalism

11

Shared ideas about the way things ought to be done; rules of behavior that reflect and enforce culture.

Norms

12

Shared ideas about what is true, right, and beautiful.

Values

13

A group within a society that shares norms and values significantly different from those of the dominant culture.

Subculture

14

The culture with the greatest wealth and power in a society that consists of many subcultures.

Dominant culture

15

A theoretical position in anthropology associated with American anthropologist of her early 20th century hat focuses on providing objective descriptions of cultures within their historical and environmental context.

Product of its own history

Historical particularism

16

A change in biological structure of life ways of an individual or population by which it becomes better fitted to survive and reproduce in its environment.

Adaptation

17

The ability of human individuals or cultural groups to change their behavior with relative ease.

Plasticity

18

A theoretical position in anth that focuses on the adaptive dimension if culture.

Cultural ecology

19

An object or a way of thinking or behaving that is new because it is qualitatively different from existing forms.

Innovation

20

The spread of cultural elements from one culture to another.
The actual process: trading, globalization, media

Diffusion

21

Studied the Inuit Baffin culture/
know as the father of American anthropology.
On the cover of time magazine for being an activist against race.
He encouraged participant observation

Franz Boas

22

Studied the Trobiand islands in 1914. He ended up staying for 4 years. He established field work rules
Trobiand island magic

Bronislaw Malinowski

23

They raised their kids cause to increase thought, to ask questions.
Isummasiyuk

Must be cooperative and emotionally restrained

Scolding is considered futile

Inuit children

24

They look a specific power in society, different category.

Foucault
Edward Said (Orientalism)

Postmodernists

25

When different cultures localize and reproduce different global cultures. They mix traditions and new ideas.

Localization

26

To combine two religions and to make it into a new type of religion.

Syncretism

27

A theoretical position in anthropology that focuses on issues of power and voice. They suggest that anthropological accounts are partial truths reflecting the backgrounds, training, and social positions of their authors.

Objective truth

Postmodernism

28

70's 80's they began to focus more on women

Margaret Mead was one of the first to take part. "Coming of age in Samoa "

Questioned gender bias in anthropology.

Feminist anthropology

29

Recognized as important because of the positionality.

Studying your own culture.

Native anthropology