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Flashcards in Christianity Beliefs, Teachings and Practices Deck (136):
1

What percentage of the worlds population is Christian

A third

2

What belief is Christianity founded on

That 2000 years ago Jesus died and rise from the dead

3

What are the three main branches of Christianity

Catholic, orthodox and Protestant

4

What does monotheistic mean

A religion with one god, that creates and sustains all that exists

5

What other religion has strong roots with Christianity

Judaism

6

What traditional characteristics does god portray

Male and female, being strong and powerful yet gentle and loving

7

What does holy mean

Something set apart from everything else for a special purpose, and worthy of worship

8

Why did god make humans

Because he is all loving and desired to bestow his love upon creatures

9

What is god described as to do with justice

The perfect giver of justice

10

Name the trinity

God the son, god the father and god the Holy Spirit

11

What does the trinity describe

There is only one god, each person is fully god yet they are not the same

12

Which is the first of the trinity

The father

13

Which is the second in the trinity

The son

14

What is the fathers job

He is believed to be the creator of the earth and all living things

15

What is the son of god

He incarnated onto earth in the form of Jesus

16

What does the spirit do

Influence, guide and sustain earth and all life on it

17

What is the main belief with creation

That everything was created good

18

What is “The Word”

A term used at the beginning of creation when referring to the son of god

19

How was the whole trinity involved in creation

The “spirit of god” was mentioned to be “hovering over the waters”, The Word aka god the son was mentioned too

20

What is Jesus

Incarnate, which means made of flesh and is in fully human form yet fully god form

21

How long did god show himself as a human being

30 years

22

What does incarnation mean

Becoming flesh, taking human form

23

What does Latin “Christos” mean

The anointed one

24

What do Jews not accept

That Jesus was the messiah

25

Who believes Jesus was the messiah

Christians but they believe he is a spiritual one rather than a political one

26

What happened when Jesus was baptised

A voice from heaven said “you are my son”

27

What does blasphemy mean

Claiming to be god

28

Who sentenced Jesus to death

Pontius Pilate

29

What do Christians believe about the pain Jesus suffered

That just because he was the son of god doesn’t mean he was spare of the pain and horror of his crucifixion

30

Why did Jesus forgive the guards who crucified him

Because they did not realise the significance of what was going on

31

What did Jesus promise to one of the criminals who was also being crucified

That he would soon join the kingdom of god

32

What did Jesus say after six hours on the cross

Father, into your hands I commit my spirit

33

What did one of the Roman centurions in charge of the crucifixion do

Praised god and acknowledged that Jesus has been a righteous man who had done nothing to deserve being crucified

34

What is the belief about accepting Jesus’ sacrifice

That if they accept it, sin can no longer destroy their lives because god forgives those who faithfully ask for forgivenes

35

How does god understand suffering

Suffering was part of Jesus’ life and so he has experienced it

36

Who asked for jesus’ body to bury it

Joseph from Arimathea

37

Why was there insufficient time to bury jesus’ body and anoint it

It was the sabbath day which is a day of rest and religious observance

38

What is the significance of the resurrection and ascension

Resurrection shows the power of good over evil
By accepting jesus they can also be resurrected in some way so they have no need to fear death
The ascension shows that Jesus is with god

39

What do Christians believe is a gift from god

Eternal life

40

What happens on the day of judgment

God takes into account to what extent they have tried to get close to him and how they have followed the teachings of Jesus

41

What side are the sheep and goats on

Sheep on right ( good ) goats on left (bad)

42

What does Jesus make clear in his teachings

That by serving other people, you are serving him

43

What do Christians believe is not enough to guarantee a good afterlife

Simply treating other people well me in accordance with Christian morality

44

What is purgatory

Where souls wait to receive their place in heaven

45

What are different beliefs about heaven

Reserved for Christians
Followers of any faith that lived lives that pleased god
Simply baptised people

46

What is the belief about the criteria for hell

That non Christians go to hell, but most see this as very unfair since god is just this can’t happen

47

What is the belief about hell not being real

A loving god would not condemn people to eternal torment and pain

48

What is sin

Any action or thought that separates humans from god

49

What is original sin

An inbuilt tendency to do wrong

50

What is Satan constantly trying to do

Tempt humans to disobey god

51

What is salvation

To be saved from sin and the consequences of it and be granted eternal life with god

52

How can someone be salvated

Through good works or grace

53

What does Jesus’ death make up for

Original sin committed by Adam and Eve and so can bring people back to god

54

What did Jesus know about his death

That his death was necessary to restore the relationship between god and believers and make the opportunity for salvation available to all people

55

What is atonement

Jesus restoring the relationship between god and humanity

56

What does atonement remove

The effects of sin

57

What is the beliefs about the penalty of sin

That everyone must pay for it but Jesus suffered the penalty for all mankind

58

What is worship

The way Christians show their deep love, reverence and respect for god

59

What is the word worship connected to

The word worth which means to recognise someone’s importance and value

60

What can worship involve

Prayer, meditation, bible readings, singing hymns, preaching, sharing food or a pilgrimage

61

What is liturgical worship

A church service that follows a set ritual and a priest leads a contraction in formal prayer with set responses

62

What is non liturgical worship

A service that does not have to be a set order, such as Baptist churches

63

What is informal worship

A spontaneous and charismatic way of worship, with charismatic meaning led by the spirit

64

What is private worship

When a believer honours god on her own

65

What is a sacrament

Rites and rituals through which the believer reviews a special gift of grace

66

Name the seven sacraments of catholics

Baptism, confirmation, holy communion, marriage, holy orders, reconciliation, and anointing of the sick

67

Name two churches that don’t use sacraments

Quakers and Salvation Army

68

How do sacraments help Christians

It strengths their relationship with god by making him a part of their life

69

What do sacraments involve

Symbolic actions, words, and physical elements like water and wine.

70

What happens in baptism

The person is formally acknowledged as a child of god and revives gods saving grace as the person sins are forgotten and she enters a new life with Jesus Christ

71

Why is infant baptism allowed

As we are born with original sin and a tendency to sin so therefore everyone needs salvation, even a baby

72

Which churches believe in believers baptism

Baptist and Pentecostalists

73

Why do they disagree with infant baptism

They believe that a baby is too young to understand the meaning behind it and they believe baptism does not save a person

74

Why does believers baptism involve full immersion

It symbolises the cleansing from sin and rising up to a new life with Christ

75

What do Catholics believe receiving holy communion means

They become present in a mystical way at the death and resurrection of Christ

76

Why do Protestants celebrate holy communion

As a reminder of Jesus’ words and actions of the last supper

77

What do Christians see holy communion as

An act of fellowship with other Christians/ bring together a community and as communion with god

78

What does holy communion make everyone

Equal as everyone gets the same amount

79

What does it remind Christians when breaking the bread

That many in the world are starving

80

What happens during services

Collect money during the service to support work being done

81

What is a pilgrimage

A journey made by a believer to a sacred place to be spiritually and physically journey towards God

82

Why do Christians go on a pilgrimage

Grow closer to god
Express sorrow and sin
Reflect
Seek a cure
Meet others who share their faith

83

Explain Lourdes

A place dedicated to Mary mother of Jesus
Bernadette had visions of Mary and she told her to find a helping spring

84

What is the largest demographic for Lourdes

The elderly and sick

85

Explain Iona

Island of West coats of Scotland, dedicated to Virgin Mary
A thin place where the space between the spiritual and physical is thin because of extreme weather
Silence, reflection and meditation
Help out

86

Name the two main Christian seasons of festivals

Advent, Christmas and epiphany
Lent, Easter and Pentecost

87

What does Christmas commemorate

The incarnation of Jesus

88

What do lights and the nativity represent in Christmas

Jesus as the light coming into the world
Nativity showing he was born in poverty

89

What is the most important Christian festival

Easter as it celebrates the resurrection of Jesus from the dead

90

When was jesus crucified

On good Friday

91

What is said in church in Easter

The priest announces Christ Has Risen and the congregation reply He is Risen Indeed

92

What is the church

It is made up of the followers of Jesus also called the body of Christ, the people make the building

93

What does the church do

It allows local communities to meet, worship, pray, obtain guidance and socialise
Also holds support groups

94

What is the roof of the church not confined to

The building

95

Throughout history, what has the church done

Been a major source of social services, an inspiration for art and campaigned for justice

96

What is the Trussell Trust and its aim

Food banks that’s provide emergency food for people in the uk
It’s aim is to bring people together (religious or not) in order to well towards ending poverty and hunger

97

What is the oasis project

A community hub with a food bank that helps those with ill health, disabilities, drug abuse or low income

98

Why should Christians get involved in the local community

As they should not ignore the needs of society because showing agape love is part of the Christian way of life

99

What does agape mean

Selfless, sacrificial love

100

Name two things Christians can help with in society

A lack of facilities for young people or insufficient care for the vulnerable

101

What are the street pastors aims

To help and care for vulnerable people in practical ways, such as listening to people’s problems or discouraging anti social behaviour

102

What does the mission of the church include

Trying to make a positive contribution to the local community and being a good neighbour, in James 2:14

103

What is parish nursing

A charity which supports whole person healthcare through the local church such as diagnosing signs if health problems, and provide support in times of crisis

104

What does mission mean

The vocation or calling for an individual to go out and spread their faith

105

What is the great commission

Jesus’ instructions to his followers that they should spread his teachings into every nation

106

How can Christians spread their faith

Through organised events or preaching, or become a missionary

107

What is the aim of missions

To persuade people to accept Jesus as their lord and saviour and to extend the church into every nation

108

What is alpha

A course which helps people understand the basics of Christian faith

109

Where does alpha visit

Universities and prisons

110

Where is the church rapidly growing

South America, Africa and Asia

111

Where is there much persecution

In the Middle East

112

How many Christians are there in the world

1.5 to 2.5 billion

113

What is Christ for all nations

Evangelical missions throughout the world and particularly in Africa as god told Reinhard “Africa shall be saved”

114

What has happened at those meetings

Miracles have occurred

115

What is discipleship

The word of Jesus saying that we should not just make believers but disciples so Christians need to train new converts in the way of following Jesus

116

How do Christians do this

By sharing testimonies, inviting people to meetings, prayers and advertising

117

What does Romans 5:10 say that links to reconciliation

That people have become the enemies of god

118

Why is Coventry cathedral special

As it was bombed but local Christians did not show revenge but forgiveness, it is now a centre of reconciliation

119

What does the international society of human rights claim

That 80% of all acts of religious discrimination are at Christians

120

How many countries are Christians persecuted in

139

121

Name three ways Christians are persecuted

Paying extra tax and not allowing them to have good jobs or build churches

122

What is the corrymeela community

A community that seeks to promote harmony and reconciliation

123

What did the apostle Paul warn

That everyone who wants to love a godly life in christ jesus will be persecuted

124

Name a quote about persecution

Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness for theirs is the kingdom of heaven

125

How to Christians respond to persecution

It helps them develop their faith and strength their convictions as believers

126

Why does persecution separate Christians

As they have to choose whether to stick with their faith and be fully committed or not

127

What do Christians believe about those who are willing to suffer persecution

That they share in a unique way with Jesus’ sufferings

128

Why does the church grow during persecution

As people witness the calm assurance and hope of eternal life Christians have

129

Why should Christians be there for each other during persecution

As they are one body and if “one part suffers, every part suffers”

130

Name two main strategies of the Christians solidarity worldwide

Documenting and raising awareness, attempting to influence governments who oppress

131

Why should Christians give to the poor

As Jesus told s rich man to sell everything and give to the poor

132

What does CAFOD help increase

Access to clean water, education and healthcare

133

Where does Christian aid provide emergency care for

Africa Asia, South America and the Middle East

134

What does tear fund do

They travel to places of great need and respond to disasters and help vulnerable communities get out of poverty

135

How does tear fund get money

Church donations and fundraising events

136

Where do Catholics believe jesus went when he died

Hell, also know as the harrowing of hell