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Flashcards in Islam Deck (100):
1

Who was Islam first revealed to?

Adam

2

What does the word Islam mean?

Surrender, submission

3

What is Sunni?

Muslims who believe in the successorship to Muhammad of Abu Bakr

4

What is Shi'a?

Muslims who believe in the Imamate, the successorship of Ali

5

What is Misconceptions?

A view of something that is incorrect based on bad thinking, ignorance or misunderstanding.

6

What's tawhid?

The oneness and unity of god

7

What are the six articles of faith?

ROARPP
resurrection, oneness, angels, prophets, predestination

8

What are the five roots of Usul as-din?

TRIPJ
tawhid, resurrection, Imamate, prophethood, justice

9

What's Imamate?

Accepting that the 12 imans are the leaders of Islam

10

Name some of allahs names

Al-Aziz almighty
Al-Rahman All beneficent

11

What are the seven qualities of god

JIMBOFT
Just
Immanent
Merciful
Beneficent
Omnipotent
Transcendent
Fairness

12

Name the two angels

Jibril and Mika'il

13

What do angels do when the day of judgement comes

Blow a trumpet

14

What is Predestination?

The idea that god knows or determines everything that happens in the universe

15

What is an archangel?

A special angel with higher statuses than other angels

16

What's Barzakh

An alter state of conscious waiting

17

What's Akhirah?

Everlasting life after death

18

Name the 4 different parts of the Quran

Torah, Psalms, Gospel, Scrolls of Abraham

19

What's resurrection

Rising from the dead or returning to life

20

What's heaven

The state of eternal happiness in the presence of god

21

What's the theory behind predestination

That everything follows a divine plan

22

What is there no such thing of

Chance, random or luck

23

Who's permission is final

Allahs

24

What do Muslims believe that the Quran is

The word of god

25

What are Surahs

Chapters in the Quran

26

What does each Surah start with

'In the name of god, lord of mercy, the giver of mercy'

27

What are the five pillars

The five most important duties for a Muslim to obey

28

What do Shia Muslims also obey

The ten obligatory acts

29

What's the mihrab

Part of the wall in a mosque that points to Mecca

30

What's the rak'ah

The sequence of movements in prayer

31

What prostration

Kneeling with hands, knees and toes touching the floor

32

What the jummah prayer

A weekly prayer performed after midday on Friday

33

What's sadaqah

Good actions or voluntary payments made for charitable reasons

34

What's khums

A 20% paid by Shia Muslims with their excess money

35

What's shahadah

The declaration of faith

36

Who has to follow the ten obligatory acts

Muslims who follow the twelves Shia Islam

37

What's amr-bir-marvf

Encouraging people from what is good

38

Nahi anil definition

Discouraging people from doing what is bad

39

What's tawallah

To be loving towards the friends of god

40

What's tabarra

Disassociating from the enemies of God

41

What is the requirement for becoming a Muslim

Sincerely reciting the shahadah in front of Muslim witnesses

42

When is the shahadah recited

When a baby is born, and when someone dies

43

What do Shia Muslims add to the shahadah

"And Ali is the friend of god"

44

What's the definition of salah

Prayer

45

What's wudu

Ritual washing before prayer

46

What are the prayer times based on

The time of sunset and sunrise

47

Why is wudu performed

To make sure the Muslim is spiritually clean

48

Why did wudu start

It was mentioned in the Quran

49

What is wudu performed with in hot desert mosques

Sand

50

What's recitation

Repeating a passage of text from memory

51

Why do Muslims pray as a community weekly

So they feel unified and as one

52

What is mentioned at the end of the jummah prayer

The duties and obligations to god

53

What's the night of power

The night when the first revelation of the Quran was made to Muhammad, the festival that marks the start of gods revelation to Muhammad

54

What is a major focus during Ramadan

The Quran, as most Muslims try to read all of it during that month

55

What's the significance of hajj

It emphasises unity and equality

56

What is a pilgrimage

A journey made for a religious reason

57

What's the ka'aba

A black cube shaped building in the centre of the grand mosque in Mecca

58

How did hajj originate

Ibrahim left his wife and son on mount Safa and Marawah

59

How was Mecca established as the holiest place in Islam

Because it contains the water from Ishmael well

60

What's ihram

A sacred state, which involves wearing white cloths

61

What's zakah

Giving money to the poor

62

Where did zakah come from

The Quran as it was an instruction for Muslims to follow

63

How is zakah calculated

2.5% of a Muslims savings

64

Where does the zakah money go

Parents, relatives, orphans, the needy and travellers

65

What does zakah literally mean

Purify or to cleanse

66

What's Id-Ul-Fitr

A Muslim festival that celebrates the end of Ramadan

67

What's eid

Another name for the Muslim festival

68

What's Mubarak

Greeting of good will on Eid cards

69

What's the English translation of Eid

Sugar feast

70

Why do Muslims celebrate Eid

To thank god for his strength to help them through

71

How is Id-Ul-Adha celebrated

They congregate at mosques, wearing their best clothes and share food

72

When is Id-Ul-Adha celebrated

The 10th day of the month Dhul-Hijjah

73

What does Id-Ul-Adha remember

It remembers and honours the profit Ibrahim, who was willing to sacrifice his son

74

Where about in the Quran does it say about Ibrahims recurring dream

37:100-112

75

What does the word Islam mean

Peace

76

What does the word jihad mean

Struggle

77

What are the types of jihad

Lesser and greater

78

What does jihad mean to Muslims

An inner and outward struggle against evil

79

What dies jihad require Muslims to do

Strive to improve themselves and the societies they live in a way that god would approve

80

How did jihad start

The origin of jihad go back to Muhammed, as it is mentioned in the Quran and the Hadith

81

What's the Hadith

Saying of muhammed

82

What is Greater jihad

A Muslims constant struggle to purify ones heart

83

What do Muslims avoid to devote their lives to Allah

Temptations and distractions such as drugs, alcohol, greed and jealousy

84

What must be avoided at all costs

Anything that takes away from full submission to god

85

How do Muslims improve themselves spiritually and deepen their relationship with god

Memorise the Quran, improve the life of the community and the poor

86

What is lesser jihad

The outward struggle to defend Islam from threat

87

When was lesser jihad more important

In the early days of the religion, as Muslims were being persecuted and they needed to protect their freedom to practice their faith

88

What is mentioned several times in the Quran

The allowing of extreme violence in the name of lesser jihad

89

Why was the Quran more violent back in the seventh century CE

Because Islam was a new faith and it was under severe threat

90

What can't lesser jihad be used as an excuse for

Terrorism that targets innocent civilians

91

What's the definition of holy war

Fighting for a religious cause

92

What a part of the criteria for holy war

Just not be used to gain land or wealth

93

How is lesser jihad misinterpreted

Because in Modern times extremists are often referred to as jihadists

94

How does the six articles impact the life of Sunni Muslims

It shows them that Allah is the ruler of all worlds, and that they have to believe in angels

95

How is the six articles different to Christianity beliefs

The six articles say that Allah showed the gospel to Jesus

96

What do the five roots of Usul ad-Din mean

The principles or roots of religion

97

What do the five roots do to Shia Muslims

It keeps them firmly rooted in god, the source of life

98

What does inshallah mean

"If god wills", they say this when talking about future plans

99

What's a caliph

A person considered to be political and religious successor

100

What's an Iman

A person who leads communal prayer such as jummah prayer