Religion, Peace And Conflict Flashcards Preview

RS > Religion, Peace And Conflict > Flashcards

Flashcards in Religion, Peace And Conflict Deck (60):
1

How have people attempted to gain territory or settle disputes

Through fighting

2

Why are rules of war different

Murder and killing is considered to be acceptable

3

Which denomination of Christians will never take part in war

Quakers

4

What are the four key concepts about Christian beliefs towards war

Peace, justice, forgiveness and reconciliation

5

Give two definitions of peace

Absence of war and a feeling of happiness, wellbeing and tranquility

6

How can peace be gained

Though religious faith, especially prayer and meditation

7

Why are many wars fought

To achieve justice

8

What is justice often linked with

Equality

9

Define justice

Bringing about what is right and fair, according to the law or making up for a wrong

10

Define forgiveness

Showing grace and mercy and pardoning someone for what they have done wrong

11

Why do Christians believe forgiveness is important

As it means you can live peacefully

12

What does forgiveness not necessarily mean

That no action should be taken to right a wrong

13

Once wrong is righted, what should follow

Forgiveness

14

Who do Christians believe sets a good example for forgiveness

God, as by offering forgiveness himself to all who ask for it in faith

15

Define reconciliation

A sacrament in the Catholic Church or when individuals and groups restore friendly relations after conflict or disagreement

16

What do Christians believe reconciliation is more than

It is more than just apologising, it involves a conscious effort to rebuild a relationship

17

What is the right to protest considered as

A fundamental democratic freedom

18

How can the police intercept protests

By requesting alterations to the routes or even applying to get it banned

19

Why would police request to ban a march

If they predict that violence will be involved

20

Define a protest

An expression of disapproval, often in public group

21

Define violence

Using actions that threaten or harm others

22

Do any religions promote violence in their teachings

No

23

Define terrorism

The unlawful use of violence, usually against innocent civilians to achieve a political goal

24

What do terrorists associate their cause with

A religion

25

What can also lead to countries invading others to take over control of important resources

Greed

26

Define greed

A selfish desire for something

27

Why is greed dangerous

Rich and powerful countries get richer and more powerful which potentially causes poverty in the defeated country as their main source of income is taken away

28

Why is self defence believed to be morally acceptable

As people have a right to defend the values, beliefs and ways of life that their country lives by

29

Define self defence

Acting to prevent harm to yourself or others

30

Define retaliation

Deliberately harming someone as a response to them harming you

31

Name an example of retaliation

The US government ordering military action against Afghanistan for the 9/11 attacks

32

Why is retaliation not condoned in the bible

As Jesus said to turn the other cheek

33

How is the use of nuclear weapons justified

As some people believe they are the only reason ww2 ended and it prevents world wars from starting due to the fear of the consequences

34

Name a fundamental Christian belief about ending lives

That the creator god is the only person who has the authority to end a life

35

Define nuclear weapons

Weapons that work by nuclear reactions

36

Define weapons of mass destruction

Weapons that can kill large numbers of people and/or cause great damage

37

Define chemical weapons

Weapons that use chemicals to poison, burn or paralyse humans

38

Define biological weapons

Weapons that have living organisms or infective material that can lead to disease or death

39

Who are defined as valid targets

Military personnel as citizens pose no threat

40

How does the quote “eye for an eye” show there is no justification for nuclear weapons

It would have been many eye for an eye instead

41

What is the Buddhist view of these weapons

That if you use them it is an evil action that will follow the person into their next life and cause bad effects

42

Define just war

A war which meets internationally accepted criteria of fairness

43

Name 3 criteria for a just war

The intention has to be to defeat wrongdoing
There has to be a chance of success
It must be the last resort

44

What are Christian views on a just war

That it is acceptable but better if there was no war at all

45

Why do many people see holy war as a contradiction

Because they think killing large numbers of people cannot have any religious inspiration or justification

46

What battle is mentioned in the bible

Jesus helping the Jews establish themselves in a bloody battle

47

Define holy war

Fighting for a religious cause or god

48

What should it’s purpose be

Defend the Christian faith from attack

49

Those who take part believe what

They will gain spiritual rewards and if they die will go straight to heaven

50

Name tensions between two denominations

Protestants and catholics

51

Define pacifism

The belief of people who refuse to take part in war or any type of violence

52

Are all Christians pacifists

No some believe it is justified under certain circumstances

53

How do pacifists work

They promote social justice and human rights, and refuse to take part in combat roles in war. If they die being a cook, nurse, mechanic etc they die knowing they weren’t involved in killing other people

54

Define peacemaker

A person who works to establish peace in the world

55

Define peacemaking

The action of trying to establish peace

56

How are families and friends affected in wars

Main wage earner gets killed, place of wage gets detritus, crops being damaged leads to starvation

57

Who are the caritas

A catholic organisation who serve the poor and promote charity

58

Name something the caritas do

Provide translators and legal services to those who need assistance for their future

59

Who are Christian aid

An organisation that helps victims of war and are helping to end poverty

60

Name a recent Christian aid campaign

Raising awareness of refugees in and from Gaza and Syria