Cinical Ethics: Introduction "the four boxes" Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cinical Ethics: Introduction "the four boxes" Deck (19)
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1

_________________ is embedded in every clinical encounter BETWEEN patients and clinicians.

Ethical issues

2

What is the central feature of the clinical encounter.

The therapeutic relationship between the patient and the clinician.

3

Physicians enter the doctor-patient relationship with what 4 priorities?

-patient's interest
-devotion to the competent care of the patient
-preserve confidentiality
-communicate honestly and compassionately

4

_____________ is the structured approach to ethical decisions in clinical medicine.

Clinical ethics

5

What is the standard pattern for organizing factual information given by the patient. (5)

-the CHIEF complaint
-HISTORY of the chief complaint
-GENERAL medical history
-results of PHYSICAL diagnosis
-results of LABORATORY results

6

What are the "FOUR TOPICS" for organizing ETHICAL reasoning

-Medical indication
-Contextual features
-Quality of Life
-Patient Preference
(MCQP ~ MCOP)

7

Bioethical scholars generally identify what FOUR ETHICAL PRINCIPALS.

-beneficence
-non-maleficence
-respect of autonomy
-justice

8

Beneficence

To do good; To remove harm; To promote welfare
(Act in the best interest of the patient)

9

Non-maleficence

"At least, do no harm”

10

Respect for autonomy

-Respects a patient’s right to self-determination
-Informed consent
-Allow patient to make their own decision

11

Justice

Giving what is “due” to patients

12

What refers to the diagnostic and therapeutic interventions used to treat a medical problem?

Medical indication

13

What states the choice of the patient or the decision of the caregiver as it relates to treatment?

Patient Preference

14

T/F?
CONTEXTUAL FEATURES describes the degree of satisfaction, pleasure, well-being, distress and malfunction before and after treatment.

-false
-QUALITY OF LIFE

15

What type of features identify the social, institutional, financial and legal settings?

CONTEXTUAL FEATURES

16

The principles of BENEFICENCE and NON-MALEFICENCE refer to which of the 4 topics?

Medical Indications

17

The principles of respect for AUTONOMY refer to which of the 4 topics?

Preference of Patient

18

The principles of BENEFICENCE and respect for AUTONOMY refer to which of the 4 topics?

Quality of Life

19

The principle of JUSTICE and FAIRNESS refer to which of the 4 topics?

Contextual Features