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Flashcards in Ethical Decision Making Deck (38)
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1

Name the Topic: (4 topics)
Those facts about the patient’s physiological or psychological condition that indicate which forms of diagnostic, therapeutic (management), or educational interventions are appropriate

Medical Indication

2

Name the Topic: (4 topics)
-A state of satisfaction for the patient who has sought treatment.
-The patient is both made well and feels well.
-Personal satisfaction expressed or experienced by individuals about their own physical, mental, and social situation.

Quality of Life

3

Name the Topic: (4 topics)
-Outside factors that influence clinical decisions… the “context” in which the clinical encounter occurs.
-Professional, familial, religious, financial, legal, institutional factors

Contextual Features

4

What are the 3 Elements of Informed Consent?

1. Threshold Element
2. Information Elements
3. Consent Elements

5

Name the informed Consent Element:
A. Disclosure of Information
-Laymen’s terms
-Written/verbal
B. Understanding of Information
-Teach back

Information Elements

6

Name the informed Consent Element:
A. Competence- do they have the intellect to make the decision
-LEGAL decision unless told otherwise by the court
-Must assume competence

Threshold Element (minimal foundation)

7

Name the informed Consent Element:
A. Voluntariness- can’t be under a threat
B. Authorization- easy for patient

Consent Elements

8

T/F?
2 out of 3 Elements of informed consent must be met to make a proper decision.

false
ALL

9

T/F?
Medical indications are governed by Beneficence and Non-maleficence

true

10

T/F?
NON-MALEFICENCE is the Duty to try to bring about those improvements in physical or psychological health that medicine can achieve.

false
BENEFICENCE

11

What involves providing beneficence in ways that prevent further injury or reduce the risk of injury i.e.;
-ADR/side-effects
-Non-compliance

Non-maleficence

12

T/F?
Disclosure is the ability of the patient to understand the decision at hand.

false
Competence

13

T/F?
Voluntariness is difficult to measure.

false
-Understanding

14

T/F?
What must be provided via a legally valid (consent) document?

Authorization

15

T/F?
Voluntariness is when the patient acts w/o being under the control of another.

true

16

T/F?
Disclosure must be appropriate bases on contemporary professional standards.

true

17

Quality of Life is governed by what 2 things?

-Beneficence
-Respect for Autonomy

18

What is governed by Justice and Fairness?

Contextual Features

19

Justice or Fairness?
A moral characteristic relevant to transactions and relationships between individuals.

Fairness

20

Justice or Fairness?
Distribute the benefits and burdens of a social system in a fair and equitable way among all participants in the system. (equal distribution of resources)

Justice

21

Justice or Fairness?
Demands that transactions and relationships give to each participant that which they deserve and reasonably expect.

Fairness

22

Justice or Fairness?
It is unfair to exploit by deceit, manipulation, or discrimination.

Fairness

23

T/F?
Contextual Features deal with Conflict of Interest and Normal therapeutic relationships.

true

24

T/F?
All Normal Therapeutic Relationship INVOLVE a potential Conflict of Interest

TRUE

25

How does the HCP have potential conflict of interest?

-knowledge and skill needed by...
-power to benefit personally by exploiting the vulnerability of the patient
-patients are vulnerable individuals.

26

T/F?
Benefit -Risk- Ration involves Beneficence and Non-maleficence

true

27

ADHC abbreviation

Advance Directive for Health Care

28

ADHC are allowed to: (2)

-appoint you health care agent and/or
-direct the withholding or withdrawal of life sustaining procedures

29

The ADHC replaces both the ________ and the _____ in the state of Georgia

-Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care
-Living Will

30

DNR

Do not Resuscitate