Civil Code of the Philippines 4 Flashcards Preview

Personal > Civil Code of the Philippines 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Civil Code of the Philippines 4 Deck (17):
1

Article 364

Legitimate and legitimated children shall principally use the surname of the father.

2

Article 365

An adopted child shall bear the surname of the adopter.

3

Article 366

A natural child acknowledged by both parents shall principally use the surname of the father. If recognized by only one of the parents, a natural child shall employ the surname of the recognizing parent.

4

Article 367

Natural children by legal fiction shall principally employ the surname of the father.

5

Article 368

Illegitimate children referred to in article 287 shall bear the surname of the mother.

6

Article 369

Children conceived before the decree annulling a voidable marriage shall principally use the surname of the father.

7

Article 370

A married woman may use:

(1) Her maiden first name and surname and add her husband's surname, or

(2) Her maiden first name and her husband's surname or

(3) Her husband's full name, but prefixing a word indicating that she is his wife, such as "Mrs."

8

Article 371

In case of annulment of marriage, and the wife is the guilty party, she shall resume her maiden name and surname. If she is the innocent spouse, she may resume her maiden name and surname. However, she may choose to continue employing her former husband's surname, unless:

(1) The court decrees otherwise, or

(2) She or the former husband is married again to another person.

9

Article 372

When legal separation has been granted, the wife shall continue using her name and surname employed before the legal separation.

10

Article 373

A widow may use the deceased husband's surname as though he were still living, in accordance with Article 370.

11

Article 374

In case of identity of names and surnames, the younger person shall be obliged to use such additional name or surname as will avoid confusion.

12

Article 375

In case of identity of names and surnames between ascendants and descendants, the word "Junior" can be used only by a son. Grandsons and other direct male descendants shall either:

(1) Add a middle name or the mother's surname, or

(2) Add the Roman numerals II, III, and so on.

13

Article 376

No person can change his name or surname without judicial authority.

14

Article 377

Usurpation of a name and surname may be the subject of an action for damages and other relief.

15

Article 378

The unauthorized or unlawful use of another person's surname gives a right of action to the latter.

16

Article 379

The employment of pen names or stage names is permitted, provided it is done in good faith and there is no injury to third persons. Pen names and stage names cannot be usurped.

17

Article 380

Except as provided in the preceding article, no person shall use different names and surnames.