Flashcards in CLA: Behaviourism Deck (11):
Who is the main theorist behind this theory?
What key concepts do you need to know for this theory?
• Operant conditioning
• Positive and negative reinforcement
What is Argument (1) to support Behaviourism?
• Recognises importance of input from speakers around the child. Explains features like accent and dialect and repeating language.
What is Argument (2) to support Behaviourism?
• Learn aspects of language that cannot be learned by themselves e.g. pragmatics such as politeness.
What is Argument (1) against Behaviourism?
• Children do not simply imitate language or construct grammatically complete sentences as soon as they begin to talk.
What is Argument (2) against Behaviourism?
• There needs to be pragmatic awareness of social conventions and these can’t just be ‘imitated’.
What is Argument (3) against Behaviourism?
• Form sentences that they’ve never heard before.
What is Argument (4) against Behaviourism?
• Speak ungrammatical spoken language but they're still learning the correct language
What is Argument (5) against Behaviourism?
• Imitiation doesn’t always mean they understand.
What is Argument (6) against Behaviourism?
• Do not seem to respond with the correct answer when negatively reinforced.