CLA: Behaviourism Flashcards Preview

A Level English Language > CLA: Behaviourism > Flashcards

Flashcards in CLA: Behaviourism Deck (11):
1

Who is the main theorist behind this theory?

B.F Skinner

2

What key concepts do you need to know for this theory?

• Imitation
• Operant conditioning
• Positive and negative reinforcement

3

What is Argument (1) to support Behaviourism?

• Recognises importance of input from speakers around the child. Explains features like accent and dialect and repeating language.

4

What is Argument (2) to support Behaviourism?

• Learn aspects of language that cannot be learned by themselves e.g. pragmatics such as politeness.

5

What is Argument (1) against Behaviourism?

• Children do not simply imitate language or construct grammatically complete sentences as soon as they begin to talk.

6

What is Argument (2) against Behaviourism?

• There needs to be pragmatic awareness of social conventions and these can’t just be ‘imitated’.

7

What is Argument (3) against Behaviourism?

• Form sentences that they’ve never heard before.

8

What is Argument (4) against Behaviourism?

• Speak ungrammatical spoken language but they're still learning the correct language

9

What is Argument (5) against Behaviourism?

• Imitiation doesn’t always mean they understand.

10

What is Argument (6) against Behaviourism?

• Do not seem to respond with the correct answer when negatively reinforced.

11

What is Argument (7) against Behaviourism?

• Correction by parents isn’t always given.