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1

Population of England

1691 - 4.9 mil
1821 - 11.5 mil

2

Population of Scotland

1691 - 1 mil
1831 - 3 mil

Benefits of union for Scotland = highlands increasingly modernised i.e. Cash payments, more trade e.g. Of cattle

3

Population of Ireland

1691 - 2 mil
1821 - 6.8 mil

4

Population growth (%)

28%

5

Law on crime

Bloody code:
50 in 1688
220 in 1800
Mainly against property

6

Criminals in London

1/6 of London = criminals in 1780 according to The Times. Aged 16-30.

7

Prostitutes in London?

5000

8

Literacy rates:

HARRIS
Mid C17 - 30%
1740 - 45%
London - 80%

9

Enclosure

STONE
1/4-1/3 of all rented values owned by elite in 1880

10

Enclosure %

HOPPIT
1/5 of total land enclosed by statute
44% legislature passed by Westminster - land; 28% Edinburgh; 17% Dublin

11

Marriage/location

STONE - 3/4 of upper class men in Cheshire married wives from the same county in 1640

12

Bloody code in practice

EASTWOOD - 1779-1819 = 119 sentenced to death in Oxfordshire; 8 hung

13

Rebellion

HARRIS - people calling on the monarch eg. Monmouth, bread and butter riots, jacobites, petitions...

14

Public office/London

1 in 10 in C17

15

Popular disturbances

SWEET - 333 between 1717 and 1800

16

Labour disputes

DOBSON - 400

17

Historian on difference between landed and monied interest?

SPECK

18

Assembly Rooms York

Lord Burlington, 1731

19

Paving streets e.g.

Southampton, 1770, £4775

20

Friendly societies

North and west of England: 37% of total

21

Social spectrum models?

CANNADINE - 2 and 3 tier models; DEVINE - 3 tier in Scotland w. Majority connected to land.

(In England only 40% men working in agri in C19 - lowest in Europe.)

22

Oxfordshire county spending

12% on Persecution Societies

23

SPCK schools

London, 132 by 1732

24

Five historians on the period

FRANK O'GORMON - popular participatory politics
HABERMAS - public sphere
E. P. THOMPSON - moral economy of the crowd and working class consciousness
DE VRIES - industrious revolution

25

Barriers between U and M class?

Landed Qualifications Act (1711) - trying to make MP's conform to traditional landed wealth. Also to be financially independent from the crown.

26

Religious measures pre-1700

Toleration Act (1689) - 939 licences taken out (non/permanent) - ie. Dissent strong

27

Literature and empire

NUSSBAUM - race in contemporary drama e.g. Othello onstage
BOWEN - kit inspired by colonial contact e.g. Memoirs of William Hickey

28

Urban population of Scotland

DEVINE -
1750: 9%
1800: 1/3

Devine = historian on Scotland and increase in industry

(England: 17% in 1750)

29

Mp's

1790 - 1/6 businessmen

30

Working day data

VOTH - Increased working year because of loss of religious holidays
Old Bailey records: 40% longer day between 1750-1830