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Flashcards in Class Case Studies Deck (22):
1

Durkheim’s views on education

Functions: shared norms and values, social solidarity, specific skills

Society in miniature

2

Merton’s views on education

Manifest function - knowledge

Latent function - hidden curriculum

3

Parsons’ views on education

Bridge from particularistic to universialistic values

Meritocracy

4

Davis and Moore’s views on education

Social stratification and role allocation

High incentives on most important roles

5

Althusser’s ideas about education

Ideological state apparatus

School justifies capitalism

6

Willis’ findings about education

Studied 12 lads in 1977

Anti-school subculture becomes shop floor subculture

Those who resist the state brainwash are the most exploited

7

Bowles and Gintis’ findings about education

Correspondence theory

Myth of meritocracy

8

Becker’s findings about education

Ideal student is middle class

9

Hargreaves et al’s findings on education

Labelling: speculation, elaboration, stabilisation

Based on appearance, attitude, friendships

10

Woods’ findings about education

1990 - degrees of conformity to school values

Ingratiation, ritualism, retreatism, rebellion

11

Ball’s study of education

1981 - Beachside Comprehensive

End of banding reduces polarisation

12

Lacey’s findings about education

1970 - two steps to pro/anti- school subcultures

Differentiation, polarisation

13

Rosenthal and Jacobson’s education study

Pygmalion in the Classroom, 1968

Teachers favoured the random “late bloomers”

Climate factor, input factor, response-opportunity factor, feedback

Self-fulfilling prophecy

14

Douglas’ findings in education

1964

Working class lacks the experience and resources to give their children academic success

15

Bernstein’s findings in education

Elaborated and restricted code

16

Sugarman’s findings in education

Working class subcultures:

Immediate gratification

Present time orientation

Fatalism

Collectivism

17

What did Harker find about education?

Poor quality housing is detrimental to attainment

Less space to play and study, health hazards, stressed parents

18

Howard’s findings in education

2001

Poor diet (lack of vitamins and minerals) = detrimental to attainment

Weak immune system, more time off, poorer concentration

19

Ridge’s findings in education

Working class can’t afford “cool” things

Leads to bullying, anti-school subculture, lower attainment

20

Gerwitz’s findings in education

1995

Privileged / semi-skilled / disconnected choosers

Interviewed 14 parents and teachers

21

Sullivan’s findings in education

Complex fiction and serious documentaries = better GCSEs

Cultural capital = vocabulary and cultural knowledge

M.C. outperform even with similar levels of cultural capital due to greater resources and aspirations

Questionnaires - 465 pupils, 4 schools

22

Bourdieu’s findings in education

Higher class have more dominant culture, which forms the basis of education