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1

kind of lament because of census bureau decision of no discernible frontier line, written by Frederick Jackson Turner

Frontier Thesis

2

The two biggest Indian tribes

Sioux, Cheyenne

3

territory reserved/preserved for them. Land that had been previously owned by them.

Reservation system

3

kills many buffalo

Buffalo bill Cody

4

attempt to build a road through the black hills. Bring settlers through the Sioux territory where they were not wanted

Bozeman Trail

5

Sioux chief-sets an ambush and massacre the workers of the Bozeman trail. Sioux victory and beginning of Sioux wars.

Red Cloud

6

Little big Horn-Sioux/Cheyenne tribes (sitting bull, crazy horse, and rain in the face) battle Custer. (Custer’s last stand) Custer is killed

June 15, 1876

7

leads the Apache Indians and takes on the US Army. Turns himself in, learns English, and converts to Christianity

Geronimo

8

- led the Nez Perce Indians, tries to flee to Canada, almost makes it, but is stopped by the Americans.

Chief Joseph

9

when did Wovoka led the Ghost Dance, saw himself as an Indian Messiah.

1890

10

led the Ghost Dance, saw himself as an Indian Messiah

Wovoka

11

encouraged copious consumption of Paiute. Catches on with the Sioux Indians at Wounded Knee, reports get to the government about the group of Indians, troops are sent in to surround Sioux.

Ghost Dance

12

1890- The Seventh Cavalry is sent in at Wounded Knee to disarm the Indians, the Indians start doing the Ghost Dance and there is a standoff that leads to a reverse massacre killing Indians.

Wounded Knee

13

she wrote “A Century of Dishonor”

Helen Hunt Jackson

13

Homestead Act for Indians. It required them to give up tribal life and they would be granted up to 120 acres of land.

Dawes Act

14

school established for Indians in Pennsylvania.

The Carlisle School

15

starts in Omaha and heads west

Union Pacific Railroad

16

starts in San Francisco and heads east

Central Pacific Railroad

17

lay out large sum of resources to get a private affair going (subsidies)

Land Grants

18

is the largest landholder in America.

The U.S. Government

19

where the two railroads meet. The transcontinental railroad is completed here in 1869.

Promontory Point- (Utah

20

When is the transcontinental railroad completed?

1869

21

Where is the transcontinental railroad completed?

Promontory Point

22

single largest railroad owner.

Cornelius Vanderbilt

23

president of the Central Pacific

Leland Stanford

24

wanted to build the Great Northern Railroad he applied for subsidies and grants and was denied. He gets private funding and builds it anyway.

James Hill

25

built by James Hill, runs from Minneapolis to Seattle and it is the one railroad that did not have to declare bankruptcy.

Great Northern Railroad

26

builds the first airbrake system

George Westinghouse

27

invents the Pullman sleeper car.

George Pullman

28

organized process for measuring time.

Time Zones