Classic Presentations Flashcards Preview

USMLE High Yield > Classic Presentations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Classic Presentations Deck (126)
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1

Abdominal pain
Ascites
Hepatomegaly

Budd-Chiari Syndrome (post-hepatic venous thrombosis)

2

Abdominal pain
Diarrhea
Leukocytosis
Recent antibiotic use

C. dificile infection

3

Achilles tendon xanthoma

Familial hypercholesterolemia (decreased LDL receptor signaling)

4

Adrenal hemorrhage
Hypotension
DIC

Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome (meningococcemia)

5

Anaphylaxis following blood transfusion

IgA deficiency

6

Anterior drawer sign

ACL injury

7

Arachnodactyly
Lens dislocation
Aortic dissection
Hyperflexible joints

Marfan Syndrome (fibrillin defect)

8

Back pain
Fever
Night Sweats

Pott disease (vertebral TB)

9

Bilateral acoustic schwannomas

Neurofibromatosis type 2

10

Bilateral hilar adenopathy
Uveitis
Non-caseating granulomas

Sarcoidosis

11

Black eschar on face of patient with diabetic ketoacidosis

Mucor or Rhizopus fungal infection

12

Blue sclera

Osteogenesis imperfecta (type I collage defect)

13

Bluish line on gingiva

Burton line (lead poisoning)

14

Bone pain
Bone enlargement
Arthritis

Paget disease of bone (increased osteoblastic and osteoclastic activity)

15

Bounding pulses
Diastolic heart murmur
Head bobbing

Aortic regurgitation

16

"Butterfly" facial rash
Raynaud phenomenon
Young female

Systemic lupus erythematosus

17

Café-Au-Lait spots
Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Cutaneous neurofibromas
Pheochromocytomas
Optic gliomas

Neurofibromatosis type I, pheocromocytoma, optic gliomas

18

Café-Au-Lait spots (unilateral)
polyostotic fibrous dysplasia
Precocious puberty
Multiple endocrine abnormalities

McCune-Albright syndrome (mosaic G-protein signaling mutation)

19

Calf pseudohypertrophy

Muscular dystrophy (most commonly Duchenne, due to X-linked recessive frameshift mutation of dystrophin gene)

20

Cervical lymphadenopathy
Desqaumating rash
Coronary aneurysms
Red conjunctivae and tongue

Kawasaki disease (treat with IVIG and aspirin)

21

"Cherry-red spots" on macula

Tay-Sachs (ganglioside accumulation) or Riemann-Pick (sphingomyelin accumulation), central retinal artery occlusion

22

Chest pain on exertion

Angina (stable: with moderate exertion; unstable: with minimal exertion or at rest)

23

Chest pain
Pericardial effusion/friction rub
Persistent fever following MI

Dressler syndrome (autoimmune mediated post-MI fibrinous pericarditis, 2-12 weeks after acute episode)

24

Chest pain with ST depressions on EKG

Unstable angina (troponins negative) or NSTEMI (troponins postivie)

25

Child uses arms to stand up from sqaut

Gowers sign (Duchenne muscular dystrophy)

26

Child with fever later develops red rash on face that spreads to body

"Slapped cheeks" (erythema infectiousum/fifth disease: parvovirus B19)

27

Chorea
Dementia
Caudate degeneration

Huntington disease (autosomal dominant CAG repeat expansion)

28

Chorioretinitis
Hydrocephalus
Intracranial calcifications

Congenital toxoplasmosis

29

Chronic exercise intolerance
Myalgia
Fatigue
Painful cramps
Myoglobinuria

McArdle disease (skeletal muscle glycogen phosphorylase deficiency)

30

Cold intolerance

Hypothyroidism