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Flashcards in Key Associations Deck (133)
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1

Actinic (solar) keratosis

Precursor to squamous cell carcinoma

2

Acute gastric ulcer associated with CNS injury

Cushing ulcer (increased intracranial pressure stimulates vagal gastric H+ secretion)

3

Acute gastric ulcer associated with severe burns

Curling ulcer (greatly reduced plasma volume results in sloughing of gastric mucosa)

4

Alternating areas of transmural inflammation and normal colon

Skip lesions (Crohn disease)

5

Aortic aneurysm, abdominal

Atherosclerosis

6

Aortic aneurysm, ascending or arch

Tertiary syphilis (syphilitic aortitis), vasa vasorum destruction

7

Aortic aneurysm, thoracic

Marfan syndrome (idiopathic cystic medial degeneration)

8

Aortic dissection

Hypertension

9

Atrophy of maxillary bodies

Wernicke encephalopathy (thiamine deficiency causing ataxia, opthalmoplegia, and confusion)

10

Autosplenectomy (fibrosis and shrinkage)

Sickle cell disease (hemoglobin S)

11

Bacteria associated with gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, and stomach cancer

H. pylori

12

Bacterial meningitis (adults and elderly)

S. pneumoniae

13

Bacterial meningitis (newborns and kids)

Group B streptococcus/E. coli (newborns), S. pneumoniae/N. meningitidis (kids/teens)

14

Bilateral ovarian metastases from gastric carcinoma

Krukenberg tumor (mucin-secreting signet ring cells)

15

Bleeding disorder with GpIb deficiency

Bernard-Soulier syndrome (defect in platelet adhesion to von Willebrand factor)

16

Brain tumor (adults)

Supratentorial: metastasis, astrocytoma (including glioblastoma multiform), meningioma, schwannoma

17

Brain tumor (kids)

Infratentorial: medulloblasoma (cerebellum) or supratentorial: craniopharyngioma

18

Breast cancer

Invasive ductal carcinoma

19

Breast mass

Fibrocystic change, carcinoma (in postmenopausal women)

20

Breast tumor (benign)

Fibroadenoma

21

Cardiac primary tumor (kids)

Rhabdomyoma, often seen in tuberous sclerosis

22

Cardiac manifestations of lupus

Marantic/thrombotic endocarditis (nonbacterial)

23

Cardiac tumor (adults)

Metastasis, myxoma (90% in LA, "ball and valve")

24

Cerebellar tonsillar herniation

Chiari II malformation

25

Chronic arrhythmia

Atrial fibrillation (associated with high risk of emboli)

26

Chronic atrophic gastritis (autoimmune)

Predisposition to gastric carcinoma (can also cause pernicious anemia)

27

Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina

DES exposure in utero

28

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, hypotension

21-hydroxlase deficiency

29

Congenital cardiac anomaly

VSD

30

Congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (black liver)

Dubin-Johnson syndrome (inability of hepatocytes to secrete conjugated bilirubin into bile)