Classic/Relevant Treatments Flashcards Preview

USMLE High Yield > Classic/Relevant Treatments > Flashcards

Flashcards in Classic/Relevant Treatments Deck (89)
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1

Absence seizures

Ethosuximide

2

Acute gout attack

NSAIDs, colchicine, glucocorticoids

3

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)

All-trans retinoic acid

4

ADHA

Methylphenidate, CBT, atomoxetine

5

Alcoholism

Disulfiram, acamprosate, naltrexone, supportive care

6

Alcohol withdrawal

Long-acting benzodiazepines

7

Anorexia

Nutrition, psychotherapy, mirtazapine

8

Anticoagulation during pregnancy

Heparin

9

Arrhythmia in damaged cardiac tissue

Class IB anti arrhythmic (lidocaine, mexiletine)

10

B12 deficiency

Vitamin B12 supplementation (work up cause with schilling test)

11

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

alpha1-antagonists, 5alpha-reductase inhibitors, PDE-5 inhibitors

12

Bipolar disorder

Mood stabilizers (e.g. lithium, valproic acid, carbamazepine, atypical antipsychotics)

13

Breast cancer in postmenopausal woman

Aromatase inhibitor (anastrazole)

14

Buerger disease

Smoking cessation

15

Bulimia nervosa

SSRIs

16

Candida albicans

Topical azoles (vaginitis); nystatin, fluconazole, caspofungin (oral/esophageal); fluconazole, caspofungin, amphotericin B (systemic)

17

Carcinoid syndrome

Octreotide

18

Chlamydia trachomatis

Doxycycline (+ ceftriaxone for gonorrhea confection), erythromycin eye drops (prophylaxis in infant)

19

Chronic gout

Xanthine oxidase inhibitors (e.g. allopurinol, febuxostat)

20

Chronic hepatitis B or C

IFN-alpha (HBV and HCV);
ribavarin, simeprevir, sofosbuvir (HCV)

21

Chronic myelogenous leukemia

Imatinib

22

Clostridium botulinum

Antitoxin

23

Clostridium dificile

Oral metronidazole; if refractory, oral vancomycin

24

Clostridium tetani

Antitoxin

25

CMV

Ganciclovir, foscarnet, cidofovir

26

Crohn disease

Corticosteroids, infliximab, azathioprine

27

Cryptococcus neoformans

Fluconazole (in AIDS patient)

28

Cyclophosphamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis

Mesna

29

Depression

SSRIs (first line)

30

Diabetes insipidus

Desmopressin (central); hydrochlorothiazide, indomethacin, amiloride (nephrogenic)