Classic Techniques : Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Classic Techniques : Deck (30):
1

its making author/speaker seem credible, reliable, or relateable -

ethos

2

appeals to emotion (positive or negative).
it can be effective, but it can also be a manipulative thing.

ex. sad animal commercials

pathos

3

persuasion by reasoning or logic.
refers to the organization of the essay

ex. pointing out the benefits ; facts

logos

4

they are common errors in reasoning or logic -

false logics; seems like they make sense but don't.

logical fallacies

5

what are 3 parts of the Toumlin Model -

claim
data
warrant

6

its the idea that author is trying to prove -

claim

7

examples and explanations offered as proof for argument -

data

8

connection between claim and data -

warrant

9

if A happens, then evntually through a series of small steps, through B,C, ....... Y, Z will happen, too, basically equating A and Z.

If we dont want Z to happen, then A most not be allowed to occur either -

Slippery SLope

10

this is a conclusion based on insufficient or biased evidence.

you are rushing to a conclusion before you have all the relevant facts

hasty generalization

11

is based on an argument tht the origins of a person, idea, institute, or theory determine is character, nature, or worth -

genetic fallcay

12

restates the argument rather than actually proving it -

circular argument

13

it oversimplifies the argument by reducing it to only 2 sides or choices -

either / or

14

another name for either/or -

false dilemma

15

attack on the character of a person rather than his or her opinions or arguments -

ad hominem

16

emotional appeal that speaks to positive or negative concepts rather than the real issue at hand -

ad populum

17

another name for ad populum -

no true scotsman

18

it oversimplifies an opponents viewpoint and then attacks that hallow argument -

straw man

19

playing on fears of the audience by making it seem like something scary will happen if some proposition were accepted -

appeal to fear

20

what fallacy?

-"if we ban hummers because they are bad for the environment eventually the government will ban all cars, so we should not ban hummers." -

slippery slope

21

what fallacy?

"even though it's only the first day, I can tell this is going to be a boring course" -

hasty generalization

22

what fallacy?

"the volkswagon beetle is an evil car because it was originally designed by Hitler's army." -

genetic fallacy

23

what fallacy?

"George bush is a good communicator because he speaks effectively" -

circular argument

24

what fallacy?

"we can either stop using cars or destroy the earth." -

either/or

25

what fallacy?

"green peace's strategies aren't effective because they are all dirty, lazy hippies."

ad hominem

26

what fallacy?

"if you were a true American you would support the rights of people to choose whatever vehicle they want"

ad populum

27

what fallacy?

"people who don't support the proposed state minimum wage increase hate the poor."

straw man

28

who was it developed by?

the greek philosopher, Aristole

29

fallacies can either be ____________ arguments OR ________ points

illegitimate
irrelevant

30

they lack evidence that supports their claim

fallacies