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Flashcards in SEM. 2 EXAM Deck (83):
1

a division or unit of a poem that is repeated in the same form --- w/ either similar or identical patterns or rhyme & meter

stanza

2

three-line stanza

tercet

3

4 kine stanza

quatrain

4

6 line unit of verse constituting a stanza or sec of a poem

sestet

5

8 line unit

octave

6

matching or final vowel or constant sounds in 2 or more words

rhyme

7

a pair of rhymed lines that may or may not consitute a seperate stanza in a poe

couplet

8

recurrence of accent / stress in lines of verse

rhythm

9

repetition of initial stressed, constant soounds in a series of words within a phrase or verse line

alliteration

10

intentional reference to a historical, mythic, or literary person, place, event, or movement

allusion

11

repetition of vowel sounds w/o repeating constants

assonance

12

a figure of speech composed of striking exaggeration

hyperbole

13

comparision made WITHOUT using "like" "as" or "than"

metaphor

14

figure of speech in which the sound of a word imitates its sense (buzz)

onomatopoeia

15

figure of speech that brings together contradictory words for effect (jumbo shrimp)

oxymoron

16

figure of speech that describes an abstraction, a thing, or nonhuman form as if it were a person

personification

17

comparison made when using "as" "like" or "than"

simile

18

something in the world of the senses, including an action, that reveals or is a sign for something else

symbol

19

who developed the concepts of ethos, pathos, and logos

aristole

20

its an appeal to emotion

pathos

21

an appeal to logic or reason

logos

22

an appeal to identity or authority

ethos

23

this is a conclusion based on insufficent or biased evidence. rushing to a conclusion w/o facts

hasty generalization

24

this is an emotional appeal that speaks to postive or negative concepts rather than the real issue at hand

ad populum

25

this move oversimplifies an opponents views and then attacks the hollow argument

straw man

26

this is a conclusion based on the premise that if A happens, then eventually through a series of small steps, X, Y, Zwill happen too, basically equating A and Z

slippery slope

27

this restates the argument rather than actually proving it

circular argument

28

this is a conclusion that oversimplifies the argument by reducing it to 2 sides

either / or

29

this is playing on thefears of the audience by making it seem like something scary will happen if some proposition were accepted

appeal to fear

30

this is an attack on the character of a person rather than his/ her opinions

ad hominem

31

this conclusion is based on an argument that the origins of a person, institute, or theory determine its character, nature or worth

genetic fallacy

32

ex. a soup commercial shows a happy family sharing dinner -

pathos

33

ex. a grocery store advertises that they have the same brands at lower prices

logos

34

ex. a speaker tries to convince you not to eat meat by showing you cute photos of baby animals

pathos

35

ex. a writer introduuces his argument w/ an explanation of his credentials and his experience in the feild

ethos

36

ex. an essay provides charts and graphs to support its arguments

logos

37

name what logical fallacy:

I have been to one state fair and I hated it; therefore, all state fairs are awful

hasty generalization

38

name what logical fallacy:

If I fail this test, I'll flunk the class, I'll flunk out of NDA, I wont get into a good college, I'll never get a job, andill live in box.

slippery slope

39

name what logical fallacy:

The beetle was designed by Nazis. Thus, it is an evil car

genetic fallacy

40

name what logical fallacy:

She is a good student because she does well in school.

circular argument

41

name what logical fallacy:

candidate B's argument is invalid because he/she is an immoral person

ad hominem

42

common erros in reasoning that will determine the logic of ur argument

fallacies

43

this conclusion is based on an argument that the origins of a person, idea, institute, or theory determine its character, nature or worth

genetic fallacy

44

restates the argument rather than actually proving it

circular argument

45

conclusion that oversimplifies the argument by reducing it to only two sides or choices

either/or

46

attack on the character of a person rather than his or her opinions or arguments

ad hominem

47

emotional appeal that speaks to positive or negative concepts rather than the real issue at hand

ad populum

48

oversimplifies an opponents viewpoint and then attacks that hollow argument

straw man

49

playing on fears of the audience by making it seem like something scary will happen if some proposition were accepted

appeal to fear

50

a word for character - establishes the credibility of the speaker

ethos

51

means purely emotional appeal -

pathos

52

its using reason and logic to create agreement

logos

53

appeal to character

ethos

54

appeal t o emotion

pathos

55

appeal to reason

logos

56

What is the symbol of death, bareness

Winter

57

What is the symbol of new life, rebirth, hope

Spring

58

What symbol means change, old age

Fall

59

What symbol means baptism, rebirth

Rain

60

Communion, coming together, sex

Eating

61

Knowledge, sin, teacher, temptation

Apples

62

Fertility, women, female sexuality

Flowers

63

New life, hope, change

Babies

64

Danger, hunt, lust, romance

Red

65

Purity, innocence, holiness

White

66

Evil, ignorance, mystery

Black

67

Freedom

Birds

68

Evil ,temptation

Snake, serpeants

69

Knowledge, understand, openness

Light

70

Ignorance, mystery

Darkness

71

Journey, life

Roads / paths

72

Change, new beginning

Dawn morning

73

Death, the end

Ngiht/sunset

74

Cleansing , death

Snow

75

Fertility

Running waters -rivers

76

Freedom, wildness, chaos

The woods / wilderness

77

The use of something concrete to stand for something abstract.

Symbolism

78

thesis should make an ...

argument

79

its the last sen in the intro -

thesis statement

80

u have to ..... your thesis statement

prove

81

do not put 1st person pronouns in your ...

thesis statement

82

be .... in thesis statement

specific

83

the thing being described. what the poet wants you to know abut

tenor