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Flashcards in Poetry Terms Deck (18):
1

the repitition of initial stressed, consonant sounds in a series of words within a phrase or verse line

Ex. She seems so sad

alliteration

2

a division or unit of a poem that is repeated in the same form

either w/ similar or identical patterns or rhyme and meter, or w/ variations from one stanza to another ----

stanza

3

a three-line stanza

The three-line stanzas or sections that together constitute the sestet of a Petrarchan or Italian sonnet

tercet

4

a four-line stanza in a poem, the first 4 lines & the second four lines in a petrachan sonnet.

quatrain

5

a six-line unit of verse constituting a stanza or section of a poem ; the last six lines of an Italian sonnet

sestet

6

an eight-line unit, which may constitute a stanza ; or a section of a poem, as in the octave of a sonnet

octave

7

the matching of final vowel or constant sounds in two or more words

rhyme

8

a pair of rhymed lines that may or may not constitute a separate stanza in a poem

couplet

9

the recurrence of accent or stress in lines of verse.

ex. I said to my baby
Baby take it slow

rhythm

10

a brief, intentional reference to a historical, mythic, or literary person, place, event, or movement -

allusion

11

the repetition of vowel sounds w/o repeating consonants ; sometimes called vowel rhyme

assonance

12

a figure of speech composed of a striking-exaggeration.

usually carries the force of strong emotion

ex. She scorched you with her radiance

hyperbole

13

a comparison that is made directly or less directly but in any case w/o pointing out a similarity by using words such as "like", "as", or "than"

Metaphor

14

a figure of speech in which the sound of a word imitates it sense

ex. choo-choo, hiss, buzz

onomatopoeia

15

a figure of speech that brings together contradictory words for effect
ex. jumbo-shrimp

oxymoron

16

a figure of speech in which the poet describes an abstraction, a thing, or a nonhuman form as if it were a person -

personification

17

a comparison made with "as" "like" or "than"

similie

18

something in the world of the senses, including an action, that reveals or is a sign for something else

often abstract or otherworldly

symbol