Classical Civilisations 2 : Cicero and Pompey (simple) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Classical Civilisations 2 : Cicero and Pompey (simple) Deck (29)
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0

What are the similarities between Pompey and Cicero?

They are not patricians

1

What are the differences between Pompey and Cicero?

Pompey had military reputation

Pompey is unconstitutional

Cicero works his way up in his social standing

Cicero is a novus homo

2

When was the Lex Gabinia?

67 BCE

3

What was the Lex Gabinia?

The pirates were causing massive problems in the Mediterranean.

The tribune, Gabinius, propose Pompey is given massive powers to destroy the pirates.

This would get Pompey huge popularity, prestige and power.

4

What is Cicero's reaction to the Lex Gabinia?

SILENCE

5

When was the Lex Manilia?

66 BCE

6

What was the Lex Manila?

The tribune, Manilius, proposes that Pompey replace Lucullus in the war against Mithridates in the East

This would gain Pompey unprecedented prestige and power

7

What was Cicero's reaction to the Lex Manilia?

Makes a speech supporting Pompey - Pro Lege Manilia

8

Why did Pompey need Cicero to gain the command in the east for Pompey?

He represented the moderates

9

What did Cicero want from Pompey?

Support to become consul

10

What did Pompey need from Cicero

Support and protection whist he was away in the east

11

What three ways does Cicero do to protect Pompey?

The Rullan Bill

The Trial of Rabirius

Pro Rege Alexandrino

12

What was the Rullan Bill?

Proposed by a tribune, Rullus, on behalf of Crassus and Caesar

Aimed to set up land commissions to redistribute land.

13

Who did the Rullan Bill target and why?

Pompey

He would have asked for this land for his veterans

Crassus and Caesar would refuse Pompey this land

This would massively damage Pompey's popularity and prestige

14

How does Cicero protect Pompey during the Rullan Bill?

Cicero delivers his speech - Against Rullus

He defeats the proposal and protects Pompey

15

What was the Trial of Rabirius?

Caesar rakes up a murder charge from 30 years before.

Rabirius had killed a tribune, Saturninus, during an S.C.U.

Caesar is attacking the S.C.U ( Pompey had received these 'commands' ) , the senate and the senates decisions

16

How does Cicero defend Pompey during the Trial of Rabirius?

Cicero delivers the Pro Rabirio speech

Cicero defends Pompey

17

When was the Catilinarian conspiracy

63 BCE

18

How did the Catilinarian Conspiracy start?

Catiline want to be consul but is prevented from standing for it. He tries again and attempts to get the plebs to support him through his policy of Tabulae Novae ( the cancellations of debts )

19

Who were Catiline's supporters?

Sulla's veterans

Disaffected patricians

Plebs

20

Who disliked Catiline?

Patricians

Senate

Equites

Plebs after a while

Cicero

21

Cicero's actions in stopping Catiline (8)

Gets senate to pass S.C.U against Catiline

Cicero wears breastplates as 'protection'

Tricks conspirators to gain proof using the Allobroges

Arrests ringleaders

Debate in senate - Cato ( excute plotters) vs Caesar ( not to execute plotters) - executes plotters without trial

Gets colleague, Antonius, to fight Catiline at Pistoia - defeats him

Gave Antonius his province of Macedonia

Cicero claims ALL the credit

22

Was Catiline a threat?

No

23

Result of the Catilinarian conspiracy for Cicero?

Cicero gains military prestige

Senates backing

Popularity

Pater Patriae

24

When was the Bona Dea Scandal?

62 BCE

25

What was the Bona Dea Scandal?

Clodius commits an "impure deed" during a festival.

Cicero prosecutes him for "ultimate wrongdoing"

26

Why was it not clever for Cicero to not support Clodius?

Clodius had supported Cicero's actions against the Catilinarian plotters

Cicero creates an unnecessary enemy

Clodius bribes jury and is acquitted - becomes tribune

27

When did Pompey return form the East?

62 BCE

28

What was Pompey's reaction to Cicero?

Pompey gets a tribune to veto Cicero's farewell speech

Pompey thought that Cicero believed that his achievements were better than Pompey's in the east