Classical Civilisations 1 : Cicero's Early Career (simple) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Classical Civilisations 1 : Cicero's Early Career (simple) Deck (26)
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0

Who was Cicero?

Equites
Novus homo
Believed in Concordia Ordinum
He was politically isolated

1

How did Cicero's career start?

Trial of Roscius
Trial if Verres

2

Context : Rome during the Trial of Roscius

The trial took place during Sulla dictatorship
Optimates had the power and were in the senate
Proscriptions and violence

3

What was the crime which Roscius was accused of?

Patricide ( parricide)

4

Who accused Roscius?

Chrysogonus

5

Cicero's aims during the Trial of Roscius

Successfully defending Roscius
Challenge validity if the proscriptions ( and Sulla )
Gain vital prestige and popularity
Platform for Concordia Ordinum

6

The method used in the Trial of Roscius

Three tier attack
1. Defend Roscius
2. Attacks likely criminals
3. Attacks Chrysogonus

7

Why was Cicero massively courageous during the Trial of Roscius?

Would have been easy for Sulla to murder Cicero
He was a novus homo
Critisizing proscriptions thereby indirectly criticising Sulla
Criticising Chrysogonus thereby indirectly critisising Sulla

8

What did Cicero do after the Trial if Roscius?

Takes on other cases with political undertones
Leaves Rome to Greece until Sulla retires and dies

9

While Cicero is in Greece who is in charge of Rome?
What are they doing?

70 BCE

Pompey - populares
Crassus - populares

They are attacking Sulla's reforms

10

When was Cicero a Quaestor?

76 BCE

11

Where was Cicero Quaestor?

Sicily

12

How old was Cicero when he was made Quaestor?

31

13

What sort of a Quaestor was Cicero?

Honest and fair

14

When qualifies Cicero as a senator?

Quaestor

15

Who was Verres?

Governor in 74 BCE for 4 years

Was not a good governor

16

What were Verres crimes?

Extortionate demands

Temples and private houses were robbed

Roman rights were disregarded

Honest men prosecuted ; criminals acquitted

Neglects roman ports

17

Cicero's aims during the Trial if Verres

Genuinely hated bad governorship

Wanted to change jury duty

Wanted to increase his prestige by defeating Hortensius

Platform for Concordia Ordinum

18

Hortensius and Verres tactics

Get another governors trial to take place first

Delay the trial for the public holidays

Delay until a more friendly judge elected the year later

19

What were Cicero's tactics during the Trial if Roscius

Speeds up trial procedure by using his opening speech for prosecution and calling his witnesses at once

Attacks Verres whole life

20

Results of the Trial of Verres

Verres goes into voluntary exile on the recommendation of Hortensius

Jury duty changed to allow equites to participate - the Aurelian Law

Boost to Cicero's reputation

Promotion of Concordia Ordinum

21

When was Cicero a Praetor?

66 BCE

22

What age was Cicero Praeto?

40-41

23

What significant thing did Cicero do during his time as praetor?

Lex Manilia

24

When was Cicero consul?

63 BCE

25

What age was Cicero consul?

42-43