Flashcards in Classical Civilisations 4 : Cicero's Civil War (simple) Deck (14):
What are the long term causes of the civil war?
Increasing political polarisation ( optimates vs populares , Cicero is a mediate)
Politicised militaries - Sulla's precedents
What are the short term causes of the civil war?
Tensions among the Triumvirs
Death of Julia and Crassus in 55 BCE
Pompey's sole consul - 52 BCE
Pompey going to optimates
Increasing popularity and prestige of Caesar
Attacks against Caesar - end of war, standing in absentia, prosecution threats, S.C.U
Blocked Antony's veto
Caesar crosses the Rubricon
Where is Cicero during 51-50 BCE?
What is significant about Cicero being in Cilicia with what was happening in Rome?
Unable to mediate between Pompey and Caesar
What does Plutarch say about why the civil war starting?
Optimates try to seduce Pompey
Pompey is jealous
Caesar has fair demands
Pompey's letter to Cicero
Wants to get Cicero on his side
Flatters Cicero "imperator", "concerned with national security"
Cicero's letter to Caesar
Tries to get Caesar to disarm
Expresses sympathy - says that it is not his fault - he doesn't believe this
Says that he knows Caesar wants peace
Wants to mediate between Pompey and Caesar
Caesar letter to Cicero
Will damage relations by siding with Pompey
"Resistance to the trend of events"
"Find abstention from quarrel the safest and most honourable course "
Why does Cicero side with Pompey
Firm belief in Concordia Ordinum
Pompey and optimates are closer to Concordia Ordinum
Past history with Pompey ( Lex Manilia, protection whilst Pompey was in the east, recall Cicero from exile)
Pompey is seen as head if Concordia Ordinum
Caesar is a populares, has an S.C.U against him
Cicero's actions during the civil war
"What a disgrace" complains about Pompey's evacuation of Rome and Italy
Says Pompey is unprepared and has failed to mobilise the troops before he even gets over to Greece
Cicero's actions in Pompeian Camp
Stays loyally to Cato despite Cato's warning
Complains and criticises people
Says Pompey is "incompetent" - damages morale
Republican commanders disgusts him with blood thirsty attitude
Cicero is 'ill' during Battle of Pharsalus
Cicero refuses Cato's offer of command
Cicero is attacked for being a traitor by Pompey's sons
Cicero's decides to reconcile with Caesar
When Cicero returns to Italy what does Antony do?
Keeps him in Brundisium for 11 months
Where did the information for the civil war come from