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Flashcards in Classical Period Deck (32)
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1

When was the classical period?

1750-1820

2

term taken from styles of art influenced by Greek and Roman sculptures

classical

3

What were the four basic criteria that music needed to meet?

universal, aristocracy and middle class, expressive, natural and free

4

What family did Haydn work for?

Esterhazys

5

What was Haydn's nickname?

Papa Haydn

6

Haydn was known as what?

The Father of the Symphony

7

large work for orchestra

symphony

8

What is a surprise symphony and why were they created?

it has surprise accents throughout. Haydn got tired of people falling asleep at his concerts.

9

Who was a child prodigy, had a musical family, and had been composing since 5, and performing for nobility at 6?

Mozart

10

what is background music for outdoor/garden parties, concerts in homes of family/friends, weddings, bdays. usually for a small ensemble

serenade

11

who had Mozart say this about him: "keep an eye on him- he will make a noise in the world someday"

Beethoven

12

who became a well respected pianist

Beethoven

13

What disease affected Beethoven and when did he get it?

He started to go deaf in his early 20s and lost all hearing in 1802. wrote to his brother about it

14

Who wrote Symphony No. 9

Beethoven

15

what was the finale in symphony No. 9, was a transition to Romantic Period, and had profound emotional expression?

Ode to Joy

16

Ode to Joy was unprecedented meaning?

uses full chorus and vocal soloists with the orchestra

17

What piece did beethoven write for letting workers go home

Farewell symphony

18

a system where a composer accepted exclusive employment under a patron

patronage system

19

How was Haydn with patronage?

he completely part of the system, employed by Esterhazys

20

How was Mozart with patronage?

he resented it, but couldn't make money otherwise

21

How was Beethoven with patronage?

he was the first to break away.

22

How did Beethoven earn money?

gifts from rich people and teaching lessons

23

what did Beethoven give rise to?

rise of music publishing meant more people could buy and perform his music

24

what is the movement of a symphony

fast-slow-fast-faster

25

how many symphonies did Haydn write

106+

26

What country is Haydn from?

Austria

27

blank and clarity of structure were important elements in the classical period

balance

28

Where was Mozart from?

Salzburg, Austria

29

What country was Beethoven from?

Germany

30

the second movement of the surprise symphony was what

themes and variations