Flashcards in Midterm study guide Deck (49)
The speed of the beats
High and low sounds
AA ' A '' A ''' A '''' etc.
theme and variations
Patterns of long and short sounds and silences
The unique sound or tone color of an instrument/voice
The way chords are built and how they follow each other
the order or overall pattern of a song
How loud or quiet the music is
the number of layers in a piece of music and how complex they are
Groups of a certain number of beats (2s, 3s, 4s, etc.)
ABACABA or ABACADAEA (etc.)
a series of pitches that make sense together; the part you sing
2 melodies at the same time (countermelody)
When you play a key on a harpsichord, a quill does this to the string to make a sound
When you play a key on a piano, this hits the string to make a sound
When you play a key on a celesta, a hammer hits this to make a sound
This percussion instrument has a motor that operates fans inside each of its resonators
The wire or plastic strings on the bottom of a drum that vibrate against the head to make a "crunch" sound
The "stick" used to play a violin is called a
How the lip, facial muscles, and jaw are set while playing a wind instrument
The flare at the end of the opening of an instrument where the sound comes out
This medieval chant melody has been used in many movies at scary or suspenseful moments, it means "day of wrath"
Medieval secular song lyrics were usually written in this language
two or more melodies at the same time
Singing long groups of notes on a single syllable in a song, E.g., "Gl-o-o-o-o-o-o-ri-a" from the song, "Angels We Have Heard on High"
Singing only 1-2 notes on each syllable in a song, E.g., "An-gels we have heard on high"
Most of what we know about Leonin and Perotin comes from this student