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Flashcards in Midterm study guide Deck (49)
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1

The speed of the beats

tempo

2

High and low sounds

pitch

3

AA ' A '' A ''' A '''' etc.

theme and variations

4

Patterns of long and short sounds and silences

rhythm

5

The unique sound or tone color of an instrument/voice

timbre

6

AB

binary

7

The way chords are built and how they follow each other

harmony

8

the order or overall pattern of a song

form

9

How loud or quiet the music is

dynamics

10

the number of layers in a piece of music and how complex they are

texture

11

ABA

ternary

12

Groups of a certain number of beats (2s, 3s, 4s, etc.)

meter

13

ABACABA or ABACADAEA (etc.)

rondo

14

a series of pitches that make sense together; the part you sing

melody

15

2 melodies at the same time (countermelody)

counterpoint

16

When you play a key on a harpsichord, a quill does this to the string to make a sound

plucks

17

When you play a key on a piano, this hits the string to make a sound

hammer

18

When you play a key on a celesta, a hammer hits this to make a sound

steel bar

19

This percussion instrument has a motor that operates fans inside each of its resonators

vibraphone

20

The wire or plastic strings on the bottom of a drum that vibrate against the head to make a "crunch" sound

snares

21

The "stick" used to play a violin is called a

bow

22

How the lip, facial muscles, and jaw are set while playing a wind instrument

embouchure

23

The flare at the end of the opening of an instrument where the sound comes out

bell

24

This medieval chant melody has been used in many movies at scary or suspenseful moments, it means "day of wrath"

Dies irae

25

Medieval secular song lyrics were usually written in this language

vernacular

26

two or more melodies at the same time

Polyphonic

27

Singing long groups of notes on a single syllable in a song, E.g., "Gl-o-o-o-o-o-o-ri-a" from the song, "Angels We Have Heard on High"

Melismatic

28

Singing only 1-2 notes on each syllable in a song, E.g., "An-gels we have heard on high"

Neumatic

29

Most of what we know about Leonin and Perotin comes from this student

Anonymous IV

30

Music having no steady beat or pulse

Non-metrical