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Flashcards in Classification Deck (14):
0

Why is classification used

To organism species in a meaningful way

1

Who developed classification

Carl Von Linne before the theory of evolution. His theory was based on characteristics

2

Three main ways to classify organisms:

Internal structure - four chamber heart
External structure- fur, feathers
Chemical composition- photosynthesis

3

5 kingdoms

Animilia
Protista
Monera
Plants
Fungi

4

Animalia

No cell wall, eukaryotic and heterotrophic

5

Plants

Photosynthetic, cell wall, eukaryotic, autotrohic

6

Fungi

Cell wall of chitin , heterotrophic, cell wall, eukaryotic

7

Mineral

Prokaryotic, bacteria, Cyanobacteria,

8

Protista

Single celled eukaryotic am can form collectors
Mix of photosynthetic and heterotrophic

9

To identify species must:

Must be able to interbreed
- must produced fertile offspring
- must be in natural conditions

10

Levels of kingdom

Most diverse: KINGDOM
PHYLUM
CLASS
OFDER
FAMILY
GENUS
SPECIES

11

Human classification

Kingdom: Animali
PHYLUM: Chordata
class MAMMALIA
Order: primates
Family:homonidae
Genus: homo
Species: sapienns

12

Why don't we use common names

- scientific names re universal and do not vary from language to language
- common names suggest a relationship between organisms that don't really exists eg. Starfish, catfish

13

4 classes of Anthropods

Crustacean s
Arachnids
Myriapods
Insects