Clinical biochem Flashcards Preview

Enzymes > Clinical biochem > Flashcards

Flashcards in Clinical biochem Deck (15):
1

What are the main components of the ECF?

Na, K, BIcarb, phophate, Ca

2

What the the primary ion in the ECM?

Na

3

ALK phos is elevated in what two conditions?

Liver and bone disease

4

What are reasons for hypokalemia? Hyperkalemia?

GI/kidney issues.

Hyper= kidney failure

5

BUN measures what? What is elevated BUN indicative of (if protein catabolism and intake are normal).

Blood urea nitrogen --the level of urea in the blood.
Kidney failure

6

Where is bilirubin found in prehepatic heme issues?

Unconjugated in the blood. Urine and feces have normal amounts

7

Where is bili found in hepatic heme issues?

Blood. Very little found in urine/feces

8

Where is billi found in post hepatic heme issues?

Blood and urine. Feces have very little.

9

Low albumin levels are indicative of what?

Liver damage

10

Name the order of appearance for each of the serum markers (myoglobin, troponin, AST, CK-MB,

Myoglobin, Troponin, CK-MB, AST, LDH

(MTCAL)

11

A high serum AST level and low ALT level is indicative of what?

Muscle or heart damage---NOT liver

12

How will liver damage affect AST and ALT levels?

Both rise.

13

What are 4 important tests of the urine talk about in class? What are each indicative of?

Glucose - hyperglycemia
Ketones- starvation/DKA
Proteins - kidney damage
Bilirubin - liver damage or gall stones

14

What are three commonly used tests for DM patients?

HBA1c
Protein uria (kidney damage)
C-peptide (measures insulin)

15

What are the four things a BMP tests for?

kidney function
BG
Acid/base
electrolytes