Flashcards in Clinical - Block 2 Deck (13):
What is demyelinated in MS?
What is Brown Squared Syndrome?
Hemiplegia - loss of sensation and motor function due to lateral hemisection of the spinal cord.
More about what causes Bell's Palsy?
Could be: Herpes, Lyme disease, diabetes, AIDs, sarcoid or tumors. Usually self resolves and may impact other roles of facial nerve like taste, tear and saliva production.
What does increased activity in temporal lobe on MRI indicate?
HSV encephalitis - use acyclovir to treat
Properties of N. meningitis and who gets it?
Gram -, diplococci
Prisoners, military vets, college students
-Can get a rash - red discrete macules with N. meningitis
Best way to treat N. meningitis?
What can aminoglycosides cause?
Otoxicity - including ringing ears
What does bisphosphate do?
Blocks osteoclast activity --> blocks bone resorption
What does decreasing prostaglandins do the stomach?
It increases acid (H+) secretion, decreases gastric mucous secretion --> stomach lesion/ulcer
How does aspirin cause an increased respiratory rate and heart rate?
It produces salicylate toxicity --> metabolic acidosis --> dec. pH --> High Resp. Rate & HR
Everything goes through the inferior cerebral peduncle except. . .
Pontocerebellar tract - goes through middle cerebellar peduncle
What does the solitary nucleus contain?
Visceral (taste, touch) sensation; receives first-order neurons from CN VII, IX and X - 2nd order neurons go to the thalamus