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Flashcards in Clinical Foundations Deck (11):

What are the SIX factors necessary for growth, according to Rogerian Theory?

1. Therapist-Client Psychological Contact
2. Client Incongruence or Vulnerability
3. Therapist Congruence or Genuinenes
4. Therapist Unconditional Positive Regard (UPR)
5. Therapist demonstrates empathic understanding
6. Client perceives UPR and empathic understanding from clinician


Who developed Person Centered Therapy?

Carl “MF” Rogers


What does SOLER stand for?

Square posture
Open stance
Lean forward
Eye Contact


What are the 4 Stages of becoming a clinician?

1. Unconscious Incompetence
2. Conscious Incompetence
3. Unconscious Competence
4. Conscious Competence


Whater are the 4 different countertransferences that can occur in session?

1. Issue Specific Countertransference (things that have been unconscious/have not been dealt w/ come up in session)
2. Stimiulus-Specific Countertransference (reaction to something about the client)
3. Trait-Specific Countertransference (habitual ways of reacting or responding to all clients the same)
4. Client-Specific (respond to how each client is)


What are the situations where confidentiality can be broken?

1. Threat of harm or injury to self or other
2. Report child abuse
3. Report elder abuse
4. Report abuse toward someone w/ dissability


What are the 6 mandatory ethics or standards of practice for therapists?

1. Autonomy (honor client’s right to choice)
2. Beneficence (do good)
3. Non-Maleficence (dont do bad)
4. Justice (fair/equal treatment of others)
5. Fidelity (Honesty, loyalty, commitment, social contract)
6. Veracity (legal aspects-commitment to be trutherful and accurate)


What are the three types of questions that promote communication and self-disclosure?

1. Open-Ended Question
2. Systemic questioning
3. Clarifying Questions


What are the three areas of cultural competence?

1. Cultural awareness (personal prejudice, stereotypes)
2. Cultural knowledge (of other groups)
3. Cultural Skills (interpersonal and comm skills)


Incongruence, or disconnect between real and ideal self, leads to:

1. Anxiety
2. Impaired locus of control
3. thwarted self-actualizing tendencies
4. Discrepancy between self-concept and ideal self-concept


What are types of ruptures that can occur in a therapeutic alliance?

1. Withdrawal (overly isolated, silence, topic shift, abstract talk, overly compliant)
2. Confrontation (through anger, control, overly friendly or seductive)