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Flashcards in CM Prelims Deck (72):
0

possible changes in unpreserved urine

decrease in clarity
increase in pH
decrease in glucose
decrease in bilirubin
blabla

1

urine type taken anytime

random sample

2

first output of the day

first morning urine

3

sample n no food and drinks after 1st output

2nd morning specimen

4

urine sample for diabetes

2hr PP

5

sample for those who cannot void

catheterized

6

specimen for prostate infection

3 glass collection method

7

parameter of physical exam

volume
color
clarity
pH
specific gravity

8

phys exam parameter referring to transparency or turbidity

clarity

9

density of a solution compared with density of a similar volume of distilled water at a fame temp

sp gravity

10

parameter used to evaluate of renal tubular function

sp gravity

11

________ reading of sp gravity myst be corrected for temperature

urinometer

12

correction for every 3degrees increase or decrease of temp

add/subtract .001

13

correction for every gram of protein present

.003

14

correction for each gram of glucose present

.004

15

form plastic strip to which is affixed none separate reagent and areas for testing specific gravity blabla

N multistix SG

16

based on double indicator principles which gives a broad range of color covering the entire urinary pH range

pH

17

principle of protein test in a strip

any green color means protein is present

18

based on double sequential enzyme reaction
green to brown colors

glucose test

19

purple color developed with acetoacetic acid or acetone and nitroprusside

ketone test

20

based on coupling of bilirubin with diazotized dichloroaniline in a strongly acid medium

bilirubin test

21

conversion of nitrate to nitrite by means of action of Gram bad bacteria in the urine

nitrite test

22

detection based on the Ehrlich reaction in which paradimethylaminobenzaldehyde reacts with urobilinogen in a strongly acid medium

urobilinogen test

23

based on correlation of ionic conc of urine

sp gravity

24

indicator in sp gravity strip

bromthymol blue

25

qualitative tests for albumin

heat and HAc tests
Exton's/SSA test
Heller's
Robert's

26

quantitative tests for albumin

Kwilecky's
Kingsbury and Clark

27

quali for sugar

benedict
fehling
nylander
moore heller

28

quanti for sugar

benedicts
fehlings

29

test for other sugars

seliwanoff
borchardt
rubner
bial orcinol

30

heat and HAc test

how many drops of acetic acid

3-5

31

positive result ng heat and acetic

cloudy

32

______ precipitates protein irreversibly

SSA

33

volume of rgt and sample in SSA test

1.5 1.5 mL

34

rgt ng Heller

conc nitric

35

rgt ng Roberts

magnesium sulfate

36

esbach's tgt is

picric
citric

37

rgt of kingsbury and clark

3% SSA

38

fehlings A is

cupric sulfate

39

fehlings B is

rochelle salt
KOH

40

rgt in nylander

rochelle salt
KOH/NAOH
bismuth sulfate

41

test with caramelization of glucose by strong alkali with the aid of heat

Moore Heller

42

fructose forms ______ when heated with conc HCl, giving red color

oxymethylfurfurol

43

centrifuge urine for microscopic at _______

1500rpm 5 mins

44

an enzyme immunoassay technique for albumin

micral

45

a urinary albumin excretion of 20-200 mg/L is called

microalbuminuria

46

unique property of bence jones proteins

reprecipitation (basta alam nio na un)

47

sign of impending diabetic coma

ketone bodies in urine

48

refers to three intermediate products of fat metabolism

ketone bodies

49

ketone bodies namely

acetone
acetoacetic
beta hydroxybutyric acid

50

tests for ketone bodies

Legal
Gunnings
Gerhardt

51

test depends upon the oxidation of the bile pigments by acids with the formation of a series od colored derivatives

bile pigments test

52

tests for bile pigment

smith
harrison's spot

53

positive for smith's test

emerald green ring

54

positive in legal's test

purple or violet red

55

derivatives of bilirubin

biliverdin
bilicyanine
choletellin

56

tests for occult blood

benzidine test
guaiac

57

positive in benzidine test for occult blood

green or blue color

58

positive in guaiac test

blue ring

59

a urinary metabolite of tryptophan

indican

60

exposure of indican to air causes it to turn

indigo blue dye

61

positive in obermayer

blue chloroform ring

62

tests for indicans

jaffe
obermayer

63

positive in jaffe

blue color

64

kelan lang ndedetect ang myoglobin sa urine

kpag umabot 25 mg/dL

65

test for calcium in urine

sulkowitch

66

major inorganic chemical found in urine

chloride

67

preferred for chloride det in urine

24hr urine

68

usually detected in patients receiving treatment for UTI

sulfonamide crystals

69

positive for sulfonamide test

immediate appearance of yellow orange colors

70

product of muscle catabolism

creatinine

71

amino acid disorders urine related

PKU tyrosinuria alkaptonuria etc