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Flashcards in intro to urinalysis Deck (57)
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0

possible cause of glucose in urine

tubular dysfunction
glucose overflow

1

what is the kidney glucose threshold

160mg/dL

2

protein in urine is called

proteinuria

3

how does the kidney help in BP regulation

renin angiotensis system

4

organs involved in RAS

kidney
lungs

5

criteria for good substance for clearance test

freely passes glomerulus

neither abosorbed nor secreted bu the tubules

6

formula for clearance

conc of subs in urine over conc of subs in plasma times 1.73

expressed in milliliters per minute

7

urine sample used for clearance test

24-hour urine

8

what are the bodily fluids aside from urine, tears, saliva

CSF
synovial
seminal
amniotic
serous
gastric
sputum
sweat
feces

9

which fluid is used to diagnose meningitis

CSF

10

which fluid is used to diagnose arthritis

synovial

11

which fluid is used to diagnose inborne diseases

which fluid is used to diagnose

12

when are inborn diseases usually checked

1st and 3rd trimester

13

which fluid is used to rule out malignancies

serous fluid

14

which fluid is used to diagnose ulcer, etc

gastric

15

which fluid is used to diagnose cystic fibrosis

sweat

16

which is an early sign of colon cancer

FOBT (fecal occult blood test)

17

CSF is used to diagnose

meningitis

18

synovial fluid is used to diagnose

arthritis

19

seminal fluid is used for

fertility test
medicolegal purposes

20

amniotic fluid is used to diagnose

inborn diseases

21

sputum is used to diagnose

TB

22

which fluid is used to diagnose TB

sputum

23

sweat is used to diagnose

cystic fibrosis

24

this is the waste product from blood filtration by kidney

urine

25

major organ of urine formation

kidney

26

location of kidney

retroperitoneal space

27

basic units of the kidney

nephron

28

number of nephrons per kidney

1-1.5 million

29

percent of blood that enters the kidney per minute

20%