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Flashcards in Cognitive Deck (10):
0

Proactive inhibition

Previous learning interferes with new learning

1

Retroactive inhibition

New learning interferes with previous learning

2

Ipsative scales

Allows for an examinee's score in one test to be compared with scores on another test they took. Most frequently used with self-reference scores

3

Benton Visual Retention Test

Score is reliant on how many figures they accurately recreated. The score is also connected to any mistakes which were made

4

Flashbulb memories

Not accurate and subject to error despite the fact that people are often very certain of the accuracy of the memory

5

Anterograde amnesia

Amnesia that starts at the time of the trauma and extends forward into new experiences

6

Retrograde amnesia

Amnesia that extends backwards into experiences before the trauma

7

Which cog theorist proposed that learning can take place w/o any corresponding behavioral effects (called latent learning)

Tolman

8

Atkinson and Shiffrin Multi-store Model of human memory

Three components of memory:
The sensory register - stores unprocessed sensory information for less than a second. This information may or may not get selected for transfer to short-term memory

Short term memory - retains information for about 15-30 seconds and has a capacity of 5-9 information chunks. If properly attended to, information from short-term store maybe transferred to long-term memory

Long-term memory - holds information on a lasting basis

9

Serial position effect

The primacy and recency effects