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Flashcards in Cognitive Deck (10):

Proactive inhibition

Previous learning interferes with new learning


Retroactive inhibition

New learning interferes with previous learning


Ipsative scales

Allows for an examinee's score in one test to be compared with scores on another test they took. Most frequently used with self-reference scores


Benton Visual Retention Test

Score is reliant on how many figures they accurately recreated. The score is also connected to any mistakes which were made


Flashbulb memories

Not accurate and subject to error despite the fact that people are often very certain of the accuracy of the memory


Anterograde amnesia

Amnesia that starts at the time of the trauma and extends forward into new experiences


Retrograde amnesia

Amnesia that extends backwards into experiences before the trauma


Which cog theorist proposed that learning can take place w/o any corresponding behavioral effects (called latent learning)



Atkinson and Shiffrin Multi-store Model of human memory

Three components of memory:
The sensory register - stores unprocessed sensory information for less than a second. This information may or may not get selected for transfer to short-term memory

Short term memory - retains information for about 15-30 seconds and has a capacity of 5-9 information chunks. If properly attended to, information from short-term store maybe transferred to long-term memory

Long-term memory - holds information on a lasting basis


Serial position effect

The primacy and recency effects