Colonies chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Colonies chapter 5 Deck (38):
0

Why did European countries want to have colonies in America? (3)

Gold, other natural resources, beat Spain

1

Who didn't want England in North America?

Spain

2

Who led the first Roanoke trip?

Walter Raleigh

3

What was wrong with the first Roanoke colony?

All men, not enough food,

4

Who led the second Roanoke colony?

John White

5

What did they do wrong with the second Roanoke colony?

Ran out of food and attacked wrong tribe

6

Why did John White return to England?

To get food

7

What had happened to the Roanoke colony when John White returned?

Everyone had disappeared

8

Do you think Sir Francis Drake was a pirate? Prove it

He sailed a ship and stoke from Spanish ships

9

What was Spain's response to Drake and other issues?

They attached England, called the Spanish Armada

10

What advantages did Spain have in the Spanish Armada?

More soldiers and larger ships

11

What advantages did England have in the Spanish Armada?

Smaller, faster ships, more powerful cannons, luck of a storm

12

Who won the Spanish Armada?

England

13

Who was in charge in Jamestown?

John Smith

14

What is a charter?

Document that allowed colonists to settle on land claimed by their ruler

15

What is a stock?

A part or share in a company

16

What is a cash crop?

Crop grown for profit

17

What is an indentured servant?

A person who agrees to work for someone in exchange for a ride to America

18

What is the house of Burgess?

The first law making assembly in an English colony

19

What was wrong with Jamestown?

Bad, salty water, and the land was swampy

20

Reasons for difficulties in Jamestown

1didnt know how to farm the land
2 lazy gentleman
3 mosquitoes and disease

21

What was the French explorers name?

Samuel de Champlain

22

What did Samuel de Champlain explore?

St Lawrence River

23

Quebec was called

New France

24

Who was the explorer from Holland ?

Henry Hudson

25

What was the Dutch colony first called?

New Amsterdam

26

What was New Amsterdam later called?

New York

27

What is a separatists?

People who wanted to separate from the Church of England

28

What is persecution?

Unjust treatment because of their beliefs

29

What are pilgrims?

Person who journeys for religious reasons

30

What is the Mayflower compact

First government pilgrims made that all laws would be for the good of the colony

31

Who is the leader of separatists?

William Bradford

32

Which Indians helped the pilgrims?

Samizdat and Squanto

33

What did the Wampanoag make with the pilgrims?

Treaty

34

Who are the puritans?

People who wanted to purify the Church of England

35

Leader of Puritans

John Winthrop

36

Where did Puritans set up there colony?

Boston

37

Puritans gave each family

Land, school