Flashcards in Colonies chapter 5 Deck (38):
Why did European countries want to have colonies in America? (3)
Gold, other natural resources, beat Spain
Who didn't want England in North America?
Who led the first Roanoke trip?
What was wrong with the first Roanoke colony?
All men, not enough food,
Who led the second Roanoke colony?
What did they do wrong with the second Roanoke colony?
Ran out of food and attacked wrong tribe
Why did John White return to England?
To get food
What had happened to the Roanoke colony when John White returned?
Everyone had disappeared
Do you think Sir Francis Drake was a pirate? Prove it
He sailed a ship and stoke from Spanish ships
What was Spain's response to Drake and other issues?
They attached England, called the Spanish Armada
What advantages did Spain have in the Spanish Armada?
More soldiers and larger ships
What advantages did England have in the Spanish Armada?
Smaller, faster ships, more powerful cannons, luck of a storm
Who won the Spanish Armada?
Who was in charge in Jamestown?
What is a charter?
Document that allowed colonists to settle on land claimed by their ruler
What is a stock?
A part or share in a company
What is a cash crop?
Crop grown for profit
What is an indentured servant?
A person who agrees to work for someone in exchange for a ride to America
What is the house of Burgess?
The first law making assembly in an English colony
What was wrong with Jamestown?
Bad, salty water, and the land was swampy
Reasons for difficulties in Jamestown
1didnt know how to farm the land
2 lazy gentleman
3 mosquitoes and disease
What was the French explorers name?
Samuel de Champlain
What did Samuel de Champlain explore?
St Lawrence River
Quebec was called
Who was the explorer from Holland ?
What was the Dutch colony first called?
What was New Amsterdam later called?
What is a separatists?
People who wanted to separate from the Church of England
What is persecution?
Unjust treatment because of their beliefs
What are pilgrims?
Person who journeys for religious reasons
What is the Mayflower compact
First government pilgrims made that all laws would be for the good of the colony
Who is the leader of separatists?
Which Indians helped the pilgrims?
Samizdat and Squanto
What did the Wampanoag make with the pilgrims?
Who are the puritans?
People who wanted to purify the Church of England
Leader of Puritans
Where did Puritans set up there colony?