Flashcards in Mrs.vandyk-s.s. Europe Deck (18):
What were the two sides called and which countries were on each side?
Axis – Germany, Italy, Japan
Allies – Great Britain, Russia (USSR), and USA
Explain what “Blitzkrieg” means and who used it.
Blitzkrieg means “lightning war” and is a sudden, massive attack of troops, tanks, and air support.
When did World War II officially start?
It began in 1939 when Germany invaded Poland.
What is “appeasement” and how did it contribute to WWII?
Appeasement is giving a person or country what it demands to avoid anger or war.
What was one of the first acts of aggression in the years leading up to World War II?
Japan invade Manchuria in 1931.
What do Bolsheviks believe about government?
They believe in a communist style of government in which the government owns all the means of production and determines how it is used.
In what year did people begin to revolt against Czar Nicholas II?
When did the fighting stop in World War I?
What were the names of the two sides in the war, and what were the main countries on each side?
Allies – France, Great Britain, Russia
Central Powers – Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
What are the four MAIN causes of World War I?
Militarism - the opinions or actions of people who believe that a country should use military methods, forces, etc., to gain power and to achieve its goals
b. Alliances – agreements between countries (especially to defend each other)
c. Imperialism - policy or practice by which a country increases its power by gaining control over other areas of the world
d. Nationalism - a feeling that people have of being loyal to and proud of their country often with the belief that it is better and more important than other countries
What year did WWI begin?
How did imperialism benefit European countries?
The practice of imperialism allowed the very small countries of Europe to gain control of very large areas in the rest of the world. More land equals more food, more resources, more people.
What is imperialism?
Imperialism is a policy or practice by which a country increases its power by gaining control over other areas of the world.
What is the name of the first constitution of France?
It is named the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.
What event is considered the start of the French Revolution and what is its date?
On July 14, 1789, a mob stormed the Bastille, a prison in Paris.
What did the National Assembly want to force King Louis XVI to do?
They wanted the king to sign a constitution that limited his powers.
By 1700, who ruled England and how do you know?
Parliament ruled England because they made the laws (including tax laws).