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Flashcards in Commands Deck (42):
1

Where to place object pronouns with negative commands?

 

(Imperative form)

They come before the imperative form of the verb

 

No lo compre - Don't buy it

 

If  there are both direct and indirect object pronouns, the indirect object pronoun comes before the direct object pronoun

 

No me lo compre - Don't buy it for me

2

What form do irregular commands take in the negative?

 

(Imperative)

Irregularities only occur with the affirmative tú commands.

 

As with all other verbs, to form negative informal commands with these verbs, use the form of the present subjunctive.

 

Di la verdad

Tell the truth

 

No digas mentiras

Don't tell lies

 

Haz tu tarea

Do your homework

 

No hagas eso

Don't do that

3

Formal commands (Imperative)

 

Ir

vaya (Ud.)

 

vayan (Uds.)

4

Irregular Informal Commands (affirmative)

 

tener

ten

5

Where to place object pronouns with affirmative commands

 

(Imperative)

Attached directly to the end of the imperative form of the verb

 

Cómprelo - Buy it

 

Tráigalas - Bring them

 

 

5

Informal commands (vosotros) - Reflexive -ir verbs

Verbs ending in -ir will require a written accent

 

Vestid + os = Vestíos

Get dressed

6

Irregular Informal Commands (affirmative)

 

hacer

haz

6

When to use accent on commands with object pronouns?

If the command has more than one syllable a written accent is needed when one or more pronouns is added.


Command: compre (two syllables)
cómprelos
cómpremelos


If command has one syllable, a written accent is only necessary when two pronouns are added


Command: haz (one syllable)
hazlo (one pronoun, no accent required)
házmelo (two pronouns, accent is required)

These rules for accentuation apply to all affirmative imperative forms.

 

7

Informal commands

 

Speak

Habla (tú)

 

Habla más lentamente

7

Irregular Informal Commands (affirmative)

 

ir

ve

8

Informal commands - vosotr(os/as) - reflexive verbs

 

(Imperative)

 

 

With affirmative commands using a reflexive verb, the final "d" of the verb form is dropped before adding the pronoun "os"

 

Sentad + os = Sentaos

Sit down

 

Exception: irse

¡Idos! - Go Away!

9

Informal commands (Imperative)

 

What form does it take?

Use the present indicative form

 

Note that the commands use the usted form, not the form

 

Habla (tú) más lentamente

(You) Speak more slowly

9

Pronoun placement with commands

Affirmative commands: attach to verb
Negative commands: precede verb

Tráigaselas.
No se las traiga.

10

Informal commands ()

 

Write

Escribe (tú)

 

Escribe la carta

 

 

10

Irregular Informal Commands (affirmative)

 

ser

12

Formal commands (Imperative)

 

Saber

Sepa (Ud.)

 

Sepan (Uds.)

12

Irregular Informal Commands (affirmative)

 

decir

di

13

Formal commands (Imperative)

 

Don't eat

No coma (Ud.)

15

Informal commands (tú)

 

Eat

Come (tú)

 

Come la cena

16

Formal commands (Imperative)

 

Estar

esté (Ud.)

 

estén (Uds.)

17

Formal commands (Imperative)

 

Speak

Hable (Ud.)

19

Formal commands (Imperative)

 

Dar

(Ud.)

den (Uds)

19

Informal (tú) Commands (Imperative)

 

Affirmative

Negative

Affirmative: Use the present indicative Ud. form
Negative: Use the present subjunctive tú form

Habla.
Speak.

No hables.
Don't speak.

Come.
Eat.

No comas.
Don't eat.

Escribe.
Write.

No escribas.
Don't write.
 

20

How to form the Informal Command vosotros form?

 

(negative - Imperative)

Use the corresponding present subjunctive form (vosotros)

 

No compréis (vosotros) el anillo.

(You-all) Don't buy the ring

 

No escribáis (vosotros) la tarea.

(You'all) Don't write the homework.

22

Irregular Informal Commands (affirmative)

 

poner

pon

24

Formal commands (Imperative)

 

Ser

sea (Ud.)

 

sean (Uds.)

25

Formal commands (Imperative)

 

Eat

Coma (Ud.)

26

How to form the Informal Command vosotros form?

 

(affirmative)

Formed by simply replacing the final r of the infinitive with d.

 

Comprad (vosotros) el anillo.

(You-all) Buy the ring

 

Escribid (vosotros) la tarea.

(You-all) Do the homework

28

Irregular Informal Commands (affirmative)

 

venir

ven

30

Formal commands (Imperative)

 

Write

Escriba (Ud.)

31

Formal commands (Imperative)

 

Don't write

No escriba (Ud.)

32

If both direct and indirect object pronouns are attached to a command what order do the pronouns go?

Indirect object pronoun comes before the direct object pronoun

 

Cómpremelo (Ud.) - Buy it for me

 

Tráigaselas (Ud.) - Bring them to her

33

What form do Informal commands (tú) take?

 

(Imperative)

The present indicative Usted form.

 

Note that the commands use the usted form

34

What form do negative informal commands () take?

 

(Imperative)

They use the form of the present subjunctive.

 

No cuentes tus beneficios

Don't count your blessings

 

No hables más lentamente

Don't speak more slowly

35

Where to put accent on a command with object pronouns?

 

(Imperative)

On the command to preserve the original stress of the verb.

36

Irregular Informal Commands (affirmative)

 

salir

sal

37

Formal commands (Imperative)

 

Don't speak

No hable (Ud.)

38

How to form the nosotros first person commands

 

(Imperative)

Affirmative: Use nosotros form of present subjunctive

Comamos allí - Let's eat there

Contemos el dinero - Let's count the money

 

Negative: Use nosotros form of present subjunctive with no before

No comamos allí - Let's not eat there

No contemos el dinero - Let's not count the money

 

39

Only exception to the nosotros informal command using present subjunctive rule

 

(Imperative)

ir (se) in the affirmative form

 

Vamos ahora - Let's go now
(Uses present indicative form)

 

No vayamos a la tienda

Let's not go to the store

(As usual uses the present subjunctive form)

 

40

When using object pronouns and the Nosotros form of the affirmative commands

 

(Imperative)

Drop the final "s" of the verb form before adding the pronouns nos or se

 

Sentemos + nos = Sentémonos

Let's sit down

 

Escribamos + se + la = Escribámosela

Let's write it to them

 

Note: Negative forms don't do this as object pronouns become before the verb

41

Two variants of saying "Let's __________"

Vamos a + infinitive

Vamos a trabajar juntos - Let's work together
 

 

Nosotros imperative / first person command

Trabajemos juntos - Let's work together

42

How to form Indirect Commands?

 

Indirect Commands are commands when you are giving the command not directly to whoever you are talking to, but indirectly.

que + present subjunctive

 

Que entre María

Let María come in

 

Que vengan a las cuatro

Have them come at four o'clock