Common Conditions Involving the Lids Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Common Conditions Involving the Lids Deck (33)
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1
Q

The upper lid is slow to react as the eye looks down exposing the sclera between the lid margin and iris.

A

Lid (sag) retraction

2
Q

Lid (lag) retraction suggests what?

A

Hyperthyroidism (early exophthalmos)

3
Q

If lid (lag) retraction is due to a tumor what C.N. is involved?

A

C.N. 7

4
Q

Upper lid droops compared to the other eye. Called?

A

Lid (sag) ptosis

5
Q

Is lid (sag) ptosis is congenital or acquired?

A

Could be either.

6
Q

Is lid (sag) ptosis is weakness of what muscle? Or it is paresis of a branch of which C.N.?

A

Levator palpebrae superioris

III

7
Q

Inflammation of the eyelash follicles and Meibomian glands.

A

Blephaitis

8
Q

Blephaitis is inflammation of what?

A

Eyelash follicles and Meibomian glands

9
Q

Blephaitis results in what?

A

Red, swollen, crusty lid margins

10
Q

Blephaitis may be associated with what?

A

Allergies, seborrheic dermatitis, and psoriasis

11
Q

A bacterial infection of a gland in an eyelash follicle causing a well-circumcised red, swollen pustule.

A

Sty(e)

12
Q

Another name for a sty is?

A

hordeolum

13
Q

A sty is what kind of bump?

A

pustue

14
Q

A hordeolum affects what?

A

Gland in an eyelash follicle

15
Q

A sty(e) is what kind of infection?

A

bacterial

16
Q

A hard painless posture on the eyelid due to an obstruction of a Meibomian (oil) gland.

A

chalazion

17
Q

A chalazion is like what elsewhere on the body?

A

Sebaceous cyst

18
Q

Is the chalazion painful?

A

no

19
Q

The chalazion obstructs what kind of gland?

A

meibomian

20
Q

The loss of the orbicularis muscle tone with aging causing the lower lid to turn out.

A

ectropion

21
Q

Ectropion interferes with what?

A

Proper tear drainage

22
Q

Ectropion may result in what?

A

C.N. 7 palsy

23
Q

Ectropion is loss of which muscle tone?

A

Orbicularis oris

24
Q

An inversion of the lower lid due to scar tissue formation on the inner surface of the lid.

A

Entropion

25
Q

What results from entropion?

A

Eyelashes then irritate the conjunctiva and cornea

26
Q

Entropion is due to what?

A

Scar tissue formation

27
Q

Inflammation of the tear sac secondary to chronic obstruction or narrowing of the nasolacrimal duct.

A

dacryocystitis

28
Q

Dacryocystitis usually occurs in which population?

A

infants

29
Q

What is the narrowing of the nasolacrimal duct called?

A

dacryostenosis

30
Q

What visual signs happen with dacryocystitis?

A

Painful swollen nodule develops between the nose and eye with accompanying tearing and discharge.

31
Q

Is dacryocystitis painful?

A

yes

32
Q

Dacryocystitis is secondary to what?

A

Chronic obstruction or narrowing of the nasolacrimal duct. (dacryostenosis)

33
Q

Dacryocystitis is inflammation of what?

A

The tear sac