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Flashcards in Comp 8 - Subject matter Deck (13)
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1

learning to associate speech sounds in english language with visual representation. approximately 44 speech sounds

phonological awareness

2

emhasizes the association between the grapheme (written symbol) and the phoneme (the speech sound) gives tools for decoding - figuring out how to read and pronounce works that they do not know immediately

Phonics

3

breaking a word into its parts, or syllables is called structural analysis

word structure

4

list the three major types of language clues

syntactic cues
semantic cues
phonemes and graphemes

5

include grammatical hints: the order of words, word endings, and the way the words function or work in a phrase, sentence or passage

syntactic cues

6

hints within the sentence to help the reader

semantic cues

7

written symbols and the speech sounds

graphemes and phonemes

8

five stages that mark scaffolding

modeled
shared
interactive
guided
independent

9

emergent reading stage
developing reading stage
transitional reading

Martha Combs three stages of development

10

making transition from speaking to writing and reading with support from others

emergent reading

11

reading becomes more independent, books include many decodable words. middle 1st - 2nd grade

developing reading

12

2nd grade reading and beyond

transitional reading

13

10 Reading strategies

activate prior knowledge
predict or ask questions
visualizing
draw inference
determing important ideas
synthesizing information
repairing understanding
confirming
using parts of book
reflecting