Comp 7 - Human development and learning Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Comp 7 - Human development and learning Deck (25)
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1

What is comp 6

Ethics

2

mastered walking and standing. developing gross motor = hop on one foot, balance, climb stairs without support, kick a ball. Also developing fine motor skills, use scissors, drawing single shapes

physical development 3 - 4 year olds

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developing ability to do somersaults, swing, climb, skip. Can dress themsleves using zippers, buttons, and possibly tying shoes. Increasingly capable of copying shapes including letters and numbers. Can cut and paste, can draw person with head, body pairs

physical development 4-5 years olds

4

can bounce a ball, skate, ride a bike, skip with both feet. Continued increasing use of more muscles and increasingly more coordinations

Physical development 6 years old

5

can complete a model kit, learn to sew, cook simple recipes

physical development 9 years old

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catch fly ball, participate in all elements of a softball game

physical development 10 years old

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commonly used in education to provide us with a way to think about the social and emotional development of students

Erik Erikson's theory of social development or psychosocial theory

8

sense of trust and benevolence of society

birth to 1 social development
Erikson

9

sense of autonomy, accomplish task independently

1 to 3 yrs social development
Erikson

10

sense of initiative, indep explore, make decisions and investigate their world

3 to 6 yrs social development
Erikson

11

sense of industry, or need for mastery and competence in tasks they face

6 to 12 yrs social development
Erikson

12

develop identity often rebel against society in an effort to define their identity

12 to 18 social development
Erikson

13

four stages to describe intellectual development

Jean Piaget's Theory of intellectual development

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use senses and developing motor skills called sensorimotor stage. learn cause and effect relationship between their actions and reactions

birth to 2 yrs intellectual development
Piaget

15

preoperational stage - learning about concrete concepts that they come into contact with their experiences. children are able to comprehend symbols and pictures as prepresentations of concrete ideas

2-7 yrs intellectual development
Piaget

16

concrete operational stage - learning to use logical reasoning with concrete materials. can form categories using multiple characteristics and can create hierarchies using subcategory

7 - 12 yrs intellectual development
Piaget

17

formal operational stage - begain to think about abstract concpts, use logical systematic reasoning, and can apply their conclusions to new problems

adolescents - adults intellectual development
Piaget

18

3 Motivational strategies

behavioral motivation
cognitive perspective of motivation
humanist perspective of motivation

19

similar to reinforcement. if no reinforcement is given or the task itself is not reinforced, then students will not be motiviated to participate

behavioral motivation

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idea of schema, current set of beliefs are not sufficient to complete the task. forced to accomodae and asimilate thir belifs to create a new set of beliefs. call this learning. a drive to have the world make sense, be predictable, orderly and acheive individual full potential

cognitive perspective of motivation

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an innate drive to seek out fulfilling experiences and activities to acheive individual full potential

humanist perspective of motivation

22

list 12 motivational strategies for the classroom

clear, well planned instruction
provide model of what is expected
rubrics
clear objective or goals
clear assessments
communicate genuine interest
personalize lessons
give choices
feedback
reward success
help students develop intrinsic value
manipulate environmental factors in classroom

23

Learning as a change in behavior learning proces as an association between stimulus and response reactions and subsequent behavior change. use methods such as drills and practice. ex = token economy or point system

behavioral perspective of learning theory

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change in mental associations that take place from experience. ex. teachers use ultiple foms of instruction to teach one idea. ex. manipulatives

cognitive perspective of learning theory

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based on assumption that people can learn from observing other people behaviors and consequences to those behaviors. ex when teacher makes an example out of one student. ex. teachers that use modeling

Social perspective of learning theory